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01-16 Sex Offenders.doc

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Candace Kruttschnitt

Week 2 - Sex Offenders (January 16) • Sex offenders come in many varieties that encompass many different behaviours • recent changes in legislation suggest changes in culture (ex. wife rape) • rape is "sexual assault"; there are varying degrees of the same crime; increase reporting by removing "rape" and replacing it with sexual assault as a hybrid offence • rapes are the least likely of violent offences to result in an arrest and conviction • sexual assault is highest among female teens • 1980-90s - 2/3 children abused were female; 81% of cases the attacker was known to the victim; 24% involved a parent, 17% involved another family member, 40% an acquaintance, and 11% involved strangers Recidivism: • pop culture and media suggest it is a life-long state • measuring recidivism is typically done through re-arrests/convictions and reporting • comparisons are done against: o different types of sexual offenders o different violent criminals o any offence vs. any offence • 1994 - Bureau of Justice Study - 9000+ sexual offenders released and followed for three years; compared to all other offences o measured by rearrest, reconviction, and reimprisonment o Sexual offenders vs other offenders - rearrest for anything 43% vs 68% (65- 75% is normal); rearrest for sex crime 5% vs 1% o of those who committed another sex crime (5%), 3% were against children and 2% were against other • first 12 months after release is highest risk peri
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