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SOC313H1 (110)

SOC313 march 13.docx

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Candace Kruttschnitt

March 13 Soc313 Social control as deterrence -general deterrence vs specific deterrence -general is to prevent in the future, like increasing penalty for drunk driving -specific -how many times people commit crime without being caught -rational choice model: if you haven't been arrested for committing crime >assault and auto-theft -expressive crime, less deterrence operating -specific: cheating >police arrest: domestic violence -statistics Canada did stats of women, 29 percent who have ever been married have been assaulted -if women who wee cohabiting, percentage would be much higher -studies find women in cohabiting experience higher rates of violence -which province had the highest rate of violence against women? And which had the lowest? Highest: BC Lowest: Labrador, NFL 48 percent who have been deviously married have been assaulted, 15 percent currently married have reported t be assaulted -abusers' characteristics more than victims >afraid of notion of victim blaming -in terms of the abusers -abused as a child -having served in the military -economic stress -excessive alcohol abuse -police departments have made laws and policies of domestic violence a priority, in the us it would be probable cause -how the police traditionally handled these situations -prior social institution in intervening these situations -police has initial contact more often than doctors -24/7 service -police were called to the location of a single previous homicide or assault 85 percent have been there, 50 percent have been there four or more times -prioritizing resources: limited by screening calls -simple assaults don't get to the top of the list -perfunctory intervention >when the police get there, they focus on separating the parties and warning them -why didn't they make an arrest in the past? -controversy of arrest of domestic violence or violence with stranger or acquaintance -situational context of the assault >Physical injury >weapon involved? Buzawa and Austin: 317 cases in Milwaukee: police were less likely or make arrest in domestic than assault with stranger and acquaintance 1. Arrest vs no arrest 2. Domestic, acquaintance or stranger -other factors as well important in reciting if arrests were made >victim injury >weapon used > witnesses >offender present >victim: advocating for arrest -whether an arrest made in domestic case or not >factor that had the greatest impact was whether if offender was present -also looked at interactions >looking at all three kinds of assault -presence of offender was most important -extent of injury had no effecting arrest -but type of force and weapon used and witnesses affected arrests in domestic -"assumed" dangerous calls to respond to >occasionally officers do get injured when responding to these calls, but rarely, so not really "dangerous" -why would officers not want to attend to these situations? It's morally difficult to judge -many cases are repeat offenses >in large city, it's hard to determine if family has previously been involved in such situation because there's no systematic way of recording and lots of cases go unreported -most cases aren't convicted -sheer volume of domestic cases, challenge to understaffed or overworked department -disturbance calls are single largest category of calls the police tend to receive> evening and weekends when the demands are greatest of their services -police receive no training as to how to handle domestic violence cases -even if such training was provided, it was superficial -one day social lecture on how to handle all these cases -in the past police officers had limited powers to handle domestic violence because it was usually a simple assault, a lower class crime, you can't make an assault unless you see the crime happening before your eyes or they have a warrant -for a felony; police then only need or able cause that violence has occurred -but now, thi
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