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SOC313 lecture 2.docx

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SOC313 lecture 2 Last class he talked about Blacka way to think sociologically about social control how there is form style quantityby quantity he meant amount degree and magnitude Whats the difference between degree and magnitude Degree and magnitude are the same thingDefinition of social controlOrganized responses to crime delinquency and allied forms of deviant andor socially problematic behavior which are actually conceived as such weather in the reactive sense or the proactive sense Focusing on social control as a reaction to things that are considered criminal or delinquent or deviant Focus on socialization and social norms more generallyOrigins of the ConceptOrigin of the concept was coined by Herbert Spencer social philosopher but it didnt get developed till 1901 by Edward Ross and he used it in an earlier form of general reflection on everything that keeps society togetherused them in a broad senseThis is the first time they started thinking academically or sociologically about it although social control has been a concern for a whileits the first time they started thinking abstractly about itidentifying it as its own individual conceptTHE CHICAGO SCHOOLFirst people to start talking about social control were the Chicago school Pragmatismfocused on how people see the worldhow did people interpret the situation understanding how people made sense of situations in that momentBeauty is in the eye of the beholdersome objective idea or standard you have to understand how people are processing or how theyre making sense of itPragmatist influence shaped how people in the Chicago school approached sociology 1920s Chicago was going through a period of urbanization and a lot of people from other countries moving in to the citya lot happening in the city Group of academics thinking about core sociological questions like social control like socialization they were starting to think about problems or issues in the city in new sociological ways One thing that was influenced by pragmatism was that they moved away from a moralizing approach of thinking about social problemsthey were a bit more scientific or formalistic in their approachtrying to make it something we can understand It wasnt about something being good or badnot about a moral question about sin its a social questionwhere are these things coming from This nonjudgmental approach combined with this pragmatist influence to see things from peoples perspective meant that it was about getting your hands dirtyif you wanted to study opium smoking what better way to study it but to go and smoke opium The biggest Chicago school theorists either after they came to the school ended up getting into deviant stuff or they came from a deviant background mightve been a tramp in the dayTwo big concepts that came out of the Chicago school1 Social disorganization 2 The self1 Social disorganization It is a lack of a sense of community that leads to disorganization that leads to crime In Chicago you have all these people from different immigrants groups in one neighborhood they theorized that the answer is obviousimmigrants are deviant people Actually because all these people are coming together from different places theres no common groundno shared beliefs about deviancein the
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