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Lecture #3-History of Social Control Practices.docx

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Tyler Frederick

Lecture #3 January 24, 2012 History of Social Control Practices - practices like ideas change over time - the history of control practices is not linear, it’s messy Early History of Penal-Welfarism - has been dominant since the 1890s to 1970s - the mid 20 century in England - effort to control the disorderly  poor houses and policing as we know it - up to that point, policing as an organized force on the streets wasn’t around; crime control wasn’t put in the hands of this separate institution - police forces, fire departments, night watches, etc. in response to how to deal with these social issues - a lot of these plans to help the poor were developed by the well-to-do who wanted to “fix” people - it’s this coming together of social control and the welfare system - penal/welfare nexus - “Victorian Penalty” vs. “Modern Penalty”  for Victorians, justice or crime control, was about a clearly laid out hierarchy of punishments to fit the crimes; making the punishment commensurate with the crime  with modern you see a shift and it starts to recognize the relationships in social control and recognizing things need to be done to solve these problems, so penalty became about correction instead of just punishment Penal-Welfarism - rehabilitation: making offenders better and trying to re-integrate them into society by offering education, counselling, parole, community service - discretion: judges should have a level of discretion when sentencing to take into account relevant factors (e.g. explanation behind crime, 1 timest offender); but also you could keep people in prison for as long as they need to be able to be rehabilitated properly - expert knowledge: starting to get experts in criminology, psychology, social workers, all being utilized and getting folded into the system; but they have their own vested interests as well, and want to establish themselves as real experts - modernism: modernist undertone with a belief in science, an implicit humanism; we can make the world a better place through the application of science and technology - correctionalist criminology - two axioms:  social reform and affluence will decrease crimeLecture #3 January 24, 2012  it is the state that is responsible for the care of offenders as well as punishment and control; in terms of penal-welfarism the state is becoming the main player in social control  these axioms would have different forms - social context and institutional supports  builds on the welfare state  linked to social democratic governance
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