ethnic notes .doc

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9 Mar 2012
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Lindsay Tonelli
998472442
Closeness and Competition in the Inter-Ethnic and Co-Ethnic Friendships of Early
Adolescents in Toronto and Montreal”
- the pattern of results does not suggest any specific aspect of the quality of inter-ethnic friendships that
leads to their more frequent dissolution and to the relative decline over time in their quality
- co-ethnic friendships are simply a bit stronger in several of the attributes included in the present study
- this is confirmed by the MANOVA summarized in Table 3 and
- Friendship Quality Scale: five factors
- 1. companionship
- 2. conflict
- 3. help
- 4. security
- 5. closeness
- *scale from 1 through 5*
*Five original scales and the three new competition scales*
Three new competition scales
1. enjoyment of/engagement in competition
2. hyper-competitiveness
3. SCWEI (Avoidance of Competition)
**used the three factor solution of
1. positive friendship quality
2. conflict/hostile competition
3. competitive engagement
MAIN FINDINGS:
Retrospective
- there was a significant difference between the previous relationship histories of inter-ethnic and co-eth-
nic friendships with 69 percent of the co-ethnic friendships reported as continuing from the previous year
compared with only 45 % of the inter-ethnic friendships
Prospective
- only ethnic composition of the dyad was significantly linked with friendship outcome
- the difference between the stability rate of male and female friendships was not statistically significant
- this analysis provides support for the hypothesis that inter-ethnic friendships are less stable than co-eth-
nic friendships
- friendships that continued from the previous year and those that had started since the beginning of the
current school year
- significant difference between the previous relationship histories of inter-ethnic and co-ethnic friend-
ships with 69 % of the co-ethnic friendships reported as continuing from the previous year compared with
only 45 % of the inter-ethnic friendships
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