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Lecture

Introduction


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC336H1
Professor
Brasch

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September 14 - Introduction
The context of Canadian Immigration
Globalization
Migration (in the global)
Racism
Define:
Migration: movement of a populous in/out of a country
Globalization – relating to or happening throughout the whole world”
Flows or movements around the world
oFlows of trade, investment, culture, ideas, people
Whats changed?
Technology
Speed and intensity
Transportation and communication
Contract and circulation
Time necessary for an interaction is compressed
The frame of interaction has changed significantly
Easy to have involvement in your life from different parts of the world
Transnational migration networks
In the country of origin:
Remittances (i.e. money)
Ideas
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In the country of destination:
Assist with settlement/entering community
Ideas
Migration systems theory
Must examine (both) ends of the flow and then understand all linkages between different places
(whether those links are state-to-state, cultural connections or social networks including family
ties)
Why do people migrate?
Work, new home, safe place to live
Temporary vs. permanent
Not an arbitrary decision
History of migration
Nomadic peoples moving out of Africa about 100,000 BC
Conquest armies mobilized to build empires in 9000 years BC
Thin globalization”
Why?
Growing inequalities of wealth between the North and South
Political, ecological and demographic pressure
Political or ethnic conflict = people seeking refuge
Free trade areas cause movement
A few statistics (2002)
9 million illegal aliens were living in U.S. (US census); 200,000-300,000 arriving each year
General trends in contemporary migration
Globalization of migration
Acceleration of migration
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