Discrimination & Disadvantage

39 views4 pages
16 Feb 2011
School
Department
Course
Professor
October 19 – Discrimination & Disadvantage
G&M: Merkels problem a lesson for Canada
Earning deficits – not all immigrant skills are used and they are being undervalued; it was not seen
initially as a big problem since workers were working their way up
Underutilization of immigrant skills
Any employment of immigrants in work below a level of skill at which they could function as
effectively as native-born Canadians
oOne form of employment discrimination
1996 census data
Annual earning deficit = $2.4 billion
Pay inequities = $12.6 billion
Forms of underutilization
1. Non-recognition of foreign professional or trade credentials by Canadian licensing bodies for
professions and trades (i.e. doctors, dentists, physiotherapist)forced to restart from square 1
2. Non-recognition of foreign professional or trade credential by employers, for immigrants who
have received Canadian licensesdifficulties being hired despite jumping through hoops
3. Non-recognition of foreign occupational credentials by employers in non-licensed occupational
fields
4. Discounting foreign-acquired skills (i.e. people skills, ability to manage/administer projects)
employers here dont recognize that skills picked up by immigrants are worthy of hiring (skills are
specific)
5. Non-recognition of general foreign education (i.e. worth of BA in Canada vs. Mexico)there are
degrees acquired overseas that do not exist in our society
6. Discounting foreign experienceyour experience does not equal Canadian experience”
7. All other negative employment decisions favouring Canadian-trained over foreign-trained workers
affecting hiring or promotion (i.e. after hiring, certain favourable treatments such as promotions,
networking opportunities etc)
Underutilization when
Skills held by the immigrant are equal (or greater) to Canadian standards
www.notesolution.com
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 4 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Earning deficits not all immigrant skills are used and they are being undervalued; it was not seen initially as a big problem since workers were working their way up. Underutilization of immigrant skills: any employment of immigrants in work below a level of skill at which they could function as effectively as native-born canadians, one form of employment discrimination". 1996 census data: annual earning deficit = . 4 billion. Skills held by the immigrant are equal (or greater) to canadian standards www. notesolution. com: not using all of the skills. Brain waste" vs. brain gain" vs. brain drain". Immigrants receive smaller earnings premium for formal education. Immigrants receive smaller earnings premium for work experience. Focused on education, experience and origins of immigrants. Finding #1 - immigrants receive lower earnings premiums for education. Three areas of difference: difference in skill quality, underutilization of immigrant skills in gaining access to occupations demanding greater skill. Immigrant men = 15% less for each year of education.

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
Booster Classes
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
Booster Classes