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Gender and Racism

Course Code

of 3
Oct 26 – Gender and Racism
Women and men have different migration experiences because there is gendered access to resources
-Social service programs
-Opportunities (and obstacles)
Early migration literature
-Overlooking women as migrant actors
-Gender as a social construction that emerges through practice
-Both men and women act according to how they find work or what they do (men as breadwinners
and women as housewives)
How is migration gendered?
-Live-in caregivers
-Domestic work
-Enticed to work in industry, often possess motor skills associated with the assembly line
- Informal economy
Changing gender roles
-Greater financial input
- Influence in budgeting and other household decisions
-More assistance with household tasks (overworking caregivers without extra pay)
-Larger ethnic community
Not all women have the same experiences
Brasch: class, immigration, status and gender
Madibbo: race, language and gender
Access to resources
-Material, economic, social and political
-Within the francophone community; explores how these resources are accessible depending on
how these three intersect (Madibbo)
State racism
Policies that allocate resources (money and services) to both
See slides**
Not a homogeneous group
Own institutions
Institutions can be sites of resistance or
Can reproduce power relations (even amongst francophones, there exists a racial hierarchy black/white)
Organization to have a voice
See slides**
Black francophone goals
To be an integral part of the community and full citizens
To obtain an equitable share of power
-i.e. see slides**
See slides**
This approach enables us
-To question power inequalities and racism; and
-To explore the interconnected-ness between the multiple systems of oppression-racism
Black feminism
-Francophones are not a homogeneous group; black female francophones are a minority within a
minority within a minority
-A person is not just oppressed by one single trait at a time; it is important to understand the
interconnected-ness of the multiple forms of oppression
-Brings gender into the equation, along with race
-Potential that sexism could be as oppressive as racism
-Brings to the study of oppression the principle of the simultaneity of oppression
-We must understand the interconnectedness between various forms of oppression
-Brings people together
-Also creates distinction (can be a form of oppression)
-Language regulates peoples access to different resources
-A form of symbolic capital (Bourdieu 1991); looked at all the factors within an economic
oi.e. French is not as valuable in a English community; it might even deter you from
getting a good job
In order to fully understand the power relations within a society, you must study all sources of oppression
in one framework