Minority Group Responses

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16 Feb 2011
School
Department
Course
Professor
Nov 2 – Minority Group Responses & Ethnic Community Formation
See slides**
Language retention
Knowledge, use, and transmission
Language =
-Means of communication
-Symbolic
Words can signify ethnic affiliations with others
Know “at least some” of heritage language
Other causes may be religion, affiliation with ethnic community
Reitz:
-Language knowledge, language use, listening to ethnic radio, and reading the ethnic-language
press
-High score
oAdult immigrants = 78.9%
oSee slides**
Language maintenance is a necessary condition for the maintenance of ethnic identity.
Depends on the group
Non-Official Language Study (1973)
Fluent in their ethnic language
-First generation: 71%
-Fourth generation: 0%
No knowledge of ethnic language
-First generation: 1.9%
-Fourth generation: 81.2%
Language change
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Document Summary

Nov 2 minority group responses & ethnic community formation. Other causes may be religion, affiliation with ethnic community. Language knowledge, language use, listening to ethnic radio, and reading the ethnic-language press. High score: adult immigrants = 78. 9, see slides** Language maintenance is a necessary condition for the maintenance of ethnic identity. Partial linguistic assimilation; borrowing and transforming english words into the language spoken. Slang is indicative of the time at which the individual immigrated. Ethnic social networks: ethnic origin of friends. 72. 4% of adult immigrants (had many friends from their ethnic group) 20. 8% of third generation (had many friends from their ethnic group: ethnic organizations. 85-90% of canadian born ethnics almost never read the non-official language media. Services targeted to the specific needs of a community. Other groups who are clearly not forced together live together = by choice. Canadian = likely low importance of ethnic ties. Easy way to tie yourself to your ethnic group (low cost)

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