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16 Feb 2011
School
Department
Course
Professor
Nov 30 – Race and Crime/Criminalization/Undocumented Migration
Wortley
-Black people are highly over-represented in certain offence categories
-Four different explanatory frameworks to try to understand this racial breakdown of arrests
-More police surveillance = more likely to be caught than others who engage in same forms of
criminal activity
-Police more likely to use force against minorities
-Racial bias in granting bail and conditions of release
-Racial bias may also exist in prison
oMinority inmates over-represented among prisoners charged with misconduct
Importation Model
- Intersection of race and immigration status
-Assumes that some migrants arrive with the explicit objective to participate in criminal activity
Policy initiatives:
-Screening of potential immigrants and refugees
-Tracking of international criminals
-Restricting immigration from “crime-prone” countries
-Deporting immigrants convicted of crimes
-Absolves Canadian society of any responsibility since
Cultural-Conflict Model
- Intersection between race and culture variables
-Maintaining certain practices can conflict with Canadian law
-May be seen as criminal in Canada
Policy initiatives:
-Legal education
oAbout Canadian law before arrival
oAbout potential conflicts with the law
Strain Model
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Document Summary

Black people are highly over-represented in certain offence categories. Four different explanatory frameworks to try to understand this racial breakdown of arrests. More police surveillance = more likely to be caught than others who engage in same forms of criminal activity. Police more likely to use force against minorities. Racial bias in granting bail and conditions of release. Racial bias may also exist in prison: minority inmates over-represented among prisoners charged with misconduct. Assumes that some migrants arrive with the explicit objective to participate in criminal activity. Absolves canadian society of any responsibility since. Maintaining certain practices can conflict with canadian law. May be seen as criminal in canada. Legal education: about canadian law before arrival, about potential conflicts with the law. It is the experiences within canadian society that are the primary causes of crimes (marginalization) Based on the idea that cultural difference leads to social breakdown. Cuilture (i. e. traditions, language etc) + familiarity = security".

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