soc366 JAN 30 lecture 4 1/30/2013 11:14:00 AM
Gender is built into the structure of lot of work
What is discrimination
takes many form, wage gap. Visible minority not having the same
opportunity. Women not getting as much promotion as men. Disable person.
Human right commission: treating people differently, negatively or
Distinction between individual and groups of individual
Interaction different between different people.
Noticing is the first stage, notice the person different than me, the label can
be problematic, different does not necessarily means discrimination
Activating: label activates you associate with the label. Lots of variance
comes in, can be conceptually specific. Might be contacts specific.
Action: Unequal part comes in stage three. Assumption about women.
The discrimination process = noticing, activating, action
Unequal + harmful—based on characteristic for individual or a group of
Forms of discrimination
Direct discrimination and indirect discrimination
Direct: standards or policies that act on the face. Clearly on the prohibited
Indirect: that are neutral on the face. Affects on the adverse.
Direct versus indirect
-overt-direct—visible, observable, and easily documented. Representation:
unequal salary for women and men doing the same job. Can be measured.
-subtle-direct or indirect, depends on how it affects. Visible but necessarily
noticed. Depends on how manifest. Can be unintentional.
-covert—indirect. Major distinction between overt and cover is that covert is
intentional. Always hidden, and hard to document. Hard to see it. Example: manager hiring from his network and he knows his network is
most men, so he is keeping out of the hiring.
Gender discrimination is a social problem.
A issue require fixing. –what can we do
2. analytical approach: theoretical problem. Why does it exist. Where exists.
And how. We need both of the model
within the approach.
1. existence: why the society are differentially unfairly based on gender?
What is the role of individual in this process
2. variation: most of the important question. How gender biased vary? Why
more or less women in different type of organization? It is in the differences
to discover what is going on and what we can do about it.
Source of discrimination
Individuals who act in a discriminatory way on the basis of another’s gender
-may be conscious or unconscious
how do we prove that someone’s gender or age is provoking this
Discrimination comes from the system itself.
the system (institutionalized discrimination)
the formal rules, procedures, requirements of organizations act to
discriminate against women.
To see the outcome of it, to see what is going over with women in the labor
market. Neutral on the face but dis