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SOC366H1 (25)
Lecture 4

soc366 JAN 30 lecture 4.docx

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Stephen Reid

soc366 JAN 30 lecture 4 1/30/2013 11:14:00 AM Gender is built into the structure of lot of work What is discrimination analytically. takes many form, wage gap. Visible minority not having the same opportunity. Women not getting as much promotion as men. Disable person. Human right commission: treating people differently, negatively or adversely. Distinction between individual and groups of individual Interaction different between different people. Noticing is the first stage, notice the person different than me, the label can be problematic, different does not necessarily means discrimination Activating: label activates you associate with the label. Lots of variance comes in, can be conceptually specific. Might be contacts specific. Action: Unequal part comes in stage three. Assumption about women. The discrimination process = noticing, activating, action Unequal + harmful—based on characteristic for individual or a group of individual. Forms of discrimination Direct discrimination and indirect discrimination Direct: standards or policies that act on the face. Clearly on the prohibited ground. Indirect: that are neutral on the face. Affects on the adverse. Direct versus indirect -overt-direct—visible, observable, and easily documented. Representation: unequal salary for women and men doing the same job. Can be measured. -subtle-direct or indirect, depends on how it affects. Visible but necessarily noticed. Depends on how manifest. Can be unintentional. -covert—indirect. Major distinction between overt and cover is that covert is intentional. Always hidden, and hard to document. Hard to see it. Example: manager hiring from his network and he knows his network is most men, so he is keeping out of the hiring. Investigating discrimination Social problem: Gender discrimination is a social problem. A issue require fixing. –what can we do 2. analytical approach: theoretical problem. Why does it exist. Where exists. And how. We need both of the model within the approach. 2 questions: 1. existence: why the society are differentially unfairly based on gender? What is the role of individual in this process 2. variation: most of the important question. How gender biased vary? Why more or less women in different type of organization? It is in the differences to discover what is going on and what we can do about it. Source of discrimination Individuals who act in a discriminatory way on the basis of another’s gender -may be conscious or unconscious how do we prove that someone’s gender or age is provoking this discrimination. Discrimination comes from the system itself. the system (institutionalized discrimination) the formal rules, procedures, requirements of organizations act to discriminate against women. To see the outcome of it, to see what is going over with women in the labor market. Neutral on the face but dis
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