SOC366H1 Lecture Notes - Role Theory, Contingent Work, Separate Spheres

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Published on 14 Apr 2013
School
UTSG
Department
Sociology
Course
SOC366H1
Professor
Sociology 366
March 27th
Work family and self; changing families; lagging ideologies
Work and family interference
- work family conflicts are a response to a lag between demographic change and a
ideology of whos prepared.
- Clash between whats expected in the workplace and that of the house.
- Been growing since the 1980s
- Rise of contingent work and non standard work- flexibility in work and how we
see families
- Role and rise of mobile technology
- Historical progression of work family conflict-
- 1950‟s- breadwinner homemaker model- work and family are Separate spheres,
because of gender specific roles of work and family
- 1970‟s- explosion of women into paid workforce- really changed the idea of work
and family and gave rise to (Spillover theories)how do both these domain spill
over to the other? ….. spill over can be negative- (conflict at home) or positive
(how womens family life positively influence worklife)
- 1980‟s this idea became crystalized and the idea of ROLE STRAIN was born.
Work family interface (intersection)… role strain- we take on multiple roles.
Becaue we take on many roles- there are many obligations of
time/money/energy- and because these are finite resources- we enter ROLE
STRAIN(conflict). (eg- worker/mother- cannot be given 100% of the time…)..
and this leads to work family conflict.
- Work family conflict- a form of inter role conflict in which the pressures from the
work and family domains are mutually incompatible in some respect. (Greenhaus
and Beutell 1985)
- Role strain theory (2) (1990s)- scarcity of resources not sufficient to articulate
gendered expectations of women in the work. 2) gendered nature of te workplace.
3)moral divison of labor….. RST2- not only the „multiple hat‟ idea but we need to
consider that different roles have different MEANINGS to different people…
quality is more imp than quantity (the amount of roles taken on)… there are
cultural expectations of different roles in society (good mother, good parent, good
worker)
- Because of RST2… women are expected pledge allegiance to a firm if you wanna
get ahead. CANNOT have external commitments. BUT the ideal mother is the
opposite idea. (read gersten article)… the Ideology of what is expected by a
worker or mother has NOT CHANGED… even though more women are getting
into the workplace… these are competing demands… women are still expected to
get personal well being and development by caring for other people!
- Work/family and family-work conflict both lead to anxiety and negative
wellbeing.
- Role strain VS Role Enhancement:
- Even though evidence supports role strain… many believe that employment
serves positive functions especially for women.
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Document Summary

Work family and self; changing families; lagging ideologies. Work family conflicts are a response to a lag between demographic change and a ideology of whos prepared. Clash between whats expected in the workplace and that of the house. Rise of contingent work and non standard work- flexibility in work and how we see families. 1950 s- breadwinner homemaker model- work and family are separate spheres, because of gender specific roles of work and family. Spill over can be negative- (conflict at home) or positive (how womens family life positively influence worklife) 1980 s this idea became crystalized and the idea of role strain was born. Work family interface (intersection) role strain- we take on multiple roles. Becaue there are many obligations of time/money/energy- and because these are finite resources- we enter role. Strain(conflict). (eg- worker/mother- cannot be given 100% of the time ) and this leads to work family conflict. take on many we roles-

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