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SOC366H1 (25)

Soc366 - Class 2

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University of Toronto St. George
Lina Samuel

Jan 16 - Class Two • Statistic show that we are losing jobs • Less people in education services, agriculture Work • Padavic, Reskin's definition of work • important part of non-market work is domestic work • Prof mentioned that the text doesn't emphasize racial background/ethnicity influencing work • in the labour market people exchange their skills and knowledge for a pay Marx • key to human history is the idea of the class struggle • micro/macro level of examination between different groups of people • conflict between men and women in terms of securing work • mode of production in any society changes • human being are material beings and they exist in relation to their natural world • through this activity we are placed into different relationship between each other • through the process of capital accumulation, the work is not only producing things, but labour becomes objects. the worker become the objects they produce • Video: Karl Marx Explains the Labor Theory of Value • labour is not valued • the rich gets richer, and the labourer stay poor • highly gendered, highly radicalized Pamela Odih (2007) • women's position in society is placed secondary to men • patriarchy society, power is in men's hands • equality for women implies that we need to examine issues in patriarchy Sex • dismissal of the importance of gender • tension between dominant theory and feminist theory • how social order can be studied? • how does gender order the social life and give meanings to the relationships at work and practises in our culture • how women is being placed in the secondary position • Quote from textbook: women are taught to have lower sense of self entitlement while men are taught to have exaggerated sense of self entitlement • value is devaluated in women's work reaffirms the gender hierarchy in the labour force • places women in a more vulnerable position, more likely to fall in poverty Theorizing Gender • gender roles: expectation of how a female and male should act • application of gender role creates gender differentiation (social process which exaggerates biological differences) • gender differentiation also affects our reactions towards them (ex. meeting male nurse for the first time) • gender is embedded in everyday interaction • gender and gender roles are culturally determined • in recommended readings, they points to different analysis of gender • socially constructed stratification, it can be de-constructed Gender as Social Institution • institutions has different characteristics, social in nature, give meaning to the practises that are specific to a particular culture • both enabling and constraining through norms and rules • we are body of agency (becomes part of our identity, gender becomes how we defines ourselves) • it also meets contradiction • embedded with power/ power relationships/ advantages associ
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