SOC367 – Lecture 4
October 2, 2013
Social construction of gender
Where are the men and women in the picture? How do we know?
Men are the right, women are the left
Women, wearing dress; men wearing the suit and ties (the way of clothing is
The boy wearing blue, the girl wearing pink (color of clothing)
Gender is a socially constructed product
“Doing gender” means that gender is not something we HAVE, but something
we “DO” in interaction with others in everyday life.
• Multiple forms of masculinity
• Different ways of using the male body
• Relationships between different masculinity highly structure, more dominated
• The meaning of masculinity is related to the meaning of femininity.
Masculinity (be strong, aggressive, power)
Femininity (weak, passive, timid)
Hegemonic masculinity: in relation to subordinated masculinity; hierarchy structure
Most honored and highly recognized in society
Good at sports
Subordinated masculinity: nerds; gay masculinity and female masculinity – people
who embody this masculinity not considered as manly and considered as ‘faggots’.
Movie: a boy in the ballet class; conversation between Belly and his father; what does
that tell us about the “fag” discourse?
Perceived male ‘weakness’
Certain spaces are allowed certain bodies and not allowed into the certain
“Is less about sexuality, but more about regulation of proper masculinity (“fag”
being subordinated masculinity)
Manifests differently according to race
African American’s boy; dancing and dress up ▯don’t considered as faggots
Dancing: part of the group identity
Small group discussion: going back to