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oct 23 2013 week 7 lecture.doc

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University of Toronto St. George

week 6 made in india film and articles  23/10/2013 18:58:00 ← Made in India : film ← - Lisa and Brian : infertility problems over 7 years they ← The film made in India : ← Lisa and Brian Switzer risk seeking a medical tourism company that has promised them an affordable solution after experiencing 7 years of inheritability ← - 27 year of Aasia Khan who resides in Mumbai India and is mother of three children comes to a contract with a fertility clinic to be implanted with the couples embryos ← - this film is about international surrogacy, following the couple and Aasia thorough every stage of the process ← - with its dual focus the film targets the obstacles the couple face and also gives intimate insight into aasia's circumstances and motivation behind her action ← - both their stories became intertwined , the bigger pic of outsourcing of pregnancies - a booming , unregulated reproductive industry valued millions in India ← - this provokes a question about international surrogacy's legal and ethical implications , global cooperate practice , human and reproductive rights , and commodification of the body ← Made In India: ← - they had problems over y years and had tried every options like drugs , biopsy on uterus showed that it was pre- cancerous so she had to take her uterus out ← - they considered adoption ← - US surrogacy cost was too expensive so $25,000 just for the mother alone ← - they were suggested to go to India - technology is less costly there ← - Cofounder of planet Hospital - said that it is the same quality and asked questions on what if the mother wants the baby back? ← - Lisa called this institute and was waiting for her cycle ← - the cofounder said they would give them a third party in order to alleviate the stress esbe thorough all of this - all this is going though a third party ← - the surrogate mom will get $7000 and so they want to make sure that she is healthy and since they cannot see her ← - The Indian surrogate who is uneducated is doing all of this for her kids she says that her household is a bad situation (they have a broken care , no work, and this way they can take the money and be able to save for their kids) - she is laughing at this whole idea since the concept is unfamiliar to her ← - about 15-20% foreigners come to India and they come here because of price differential because they can do more cycle attempts than in the US that is too costly esbe with the added lawyer fees ← - lisa is giving up everything to be a mom and it is her dream to be whole ← - lisa and brain go to India ← - lisa uses menapour which is 3 shots a day on her arms since they told her that she has 2- 3 mature eggs left ← - the surrogate mom has converted from Hindu to Islam and learned the norms ← - aasia was given education that she is being paid for her uterus and that the baby is not hers or her eggs ← - lisa was worried about this woman whom she has not met yet and is worried about her living conditions ← - brain says that he hoped this money is able to improve her life ← - aaisha said that she did not tell her husband the whole truth since his signature is required she made him sign ← - the administration says that 7,000 is a lot and yes can change her life and yes they can ask for 10-12 but then what is the point of that since it biomes costly for Americans ← - surrogate mom covers her face don’t want people to know ← - she becomes pregnant and lisa is so happy and found the procedure working ← - she is pregnant with twins ← - lisa went on opera -proliferation of surrogacy in India where lisa is letting others know of this trend ← - NBC asked to do a cover on this story and they agreed because they wanted to tell their side of the story but the man interviewing them asked them that its more dangerous with higher deaths but lisa refutes him and says that the stats are general ← - brian gets hate mails and comes to defend himself ← - surrogate said that after 3 months her husband did not like the idea but she siad that it is a sin to get rid of the baby and he agreed but told her to not do this again ← - surrogate cried she is in a nursing institute with other surrogates and cant leave the place to make sure the baby is out of danger ← - is this controlling women's body? lisa and brain get emails and see negative comments like u should have adopted and what u are doing is business ← - brian responded in a intelligent post saying that its general and best not to look at it one way ← - lisa has a aby shower - so she feels like a mom ← - rlg vs science- Muslims segregates and catholic couple vs science ← - surrogate felt pain and ignored it and saw that she was bleeding so she woke up Dr. Kaddam at the home and they took her to the hospital for cesarean section delivering two baby girls that were 3.1 ponds each ← - lisa went to india alone as brian had to work and did not sleep ← - lavalh hospital - camera not allowed and the kids were in intensive care unit and showed her baby Kelsey , did not meet surrogate yet ← - administrators at the hospital would not give birth certificate in the name of lisa and instead wanted the name of the surrogate mom on there and the doc asked lisa to leave ← - dr says the surrogate on certificate and the genetic mom can adopt ← Dr. Aldddlha is with lisa and said that they would fax the government rules to the doc - however it is not a mandatory law yet so he does not have t follow it ← - lisa calls the us console so us embassy and need their involvement ← - hospital is doing a dna test ← - its a controversial thing many are waiting for the blue print then come and they will do it ← aaisa wants to go home and says that it is expensive there ← - aisa asked lisa for 1100 but lisa said no more than that because she is poor too ← - she says that became she is from the states they think of her as healthy but that is not the case ← - Rudy - planet hospital - the contract was r her to get 7000 but we do not know that if she did ← - us embassy says that they are Americans and that this is the hospitals own internal problems ← - the hospital agreed to assign the certificate but only if aaisa gives a consent that the baby is not hers ← - lisa got her babies ← - surrogate felt that she did not get compensated for 2 babies but the doc said that nothing can be done ← - aaia and lisa are both happy - aaisa says will they give her bit more money out of their own goodness and lisa says of course they are grateful to her ← ← week 6 reading : ← “It’s Way Out Of My League”: Low-income Women’s Experiences of Medicalized Infertility by Ann V. Bell ← week 6 articles: ← It’s way out of my league” ← social service agencies serving low-income populations offered the current US metanarrative around poor women’s fertility and it’s antithesis , infertility ← - dominant views of class and motherhood have stereotyped notions of fertility along socioeconomic divides ← poor black women have been constructed as as highly and uncontrollable fertile and unfit to be mothers and have imageds of the welfare queen , crack babies and 10 mothers ← upper class white women are commonly protryaed as infertile with successful higher order multiple birth infiltrating the media ← this is a class-based faming of reproduction ← even programs that are meant to “serve” the marginalized populations attempt to control the fertility of those who do not adhere to the dominant social norms such as the unmarried and unprivilidged while encouraging reproduction among the dominant groups ← Medicaid covers contraception but not infertility treatments while the reverese for several private insurances ← there is a disjunture of the construction of poor women’s fertility and the realities of their lives ← in fact many women of low socioeconomic status are infertile compared to their wealthier counterparts – having similar rates of infiritility , women of low ses receive less treatment ← the current focous is on treating infertility rather than preventing it reflects an impilicit policy focous on women of high ses whose fertility problems are because of their late marriages and delayed childbearing ← poor and woking class infertility because of sexually transmitted infections or env and occupational hazards 689 ← the experiences of infertility for low ses have been overlooked even in literature as they frame it to the issue of the wealthy ← author reveals how infertility is socially constructed along class line ← infertility can be thought of “cultural disorder” because it serves as a mirror of cultural norms and a “barometer” of cultural change – this paper also sheds light on political economy of reproduction in general and in institution powers that shape it , and then this paper will talk about how poor and working-class women negotiate experiences of infertility in a context of structural inequality – such women are the “other” to motherhood on 2 basis: they are both childless and economically disadvantaged ← they must come to terms with the stigma of being childless while at the same time rejecting the negative sterotypes that they shoulf not be mothers in the first place – so the author tries to understand how these women resist and negotiate the dominant ideologies surrounding infertility ← dominant ideologies are played out in policies and practices esb those in reproductive control and benefits and the medicalization of infertility ← the motherhood mandate- requires all women to be mother making womenhood to be motherhood690 , yet the current intensive mothering ideology outlines who should be mothers as well as how one should mother ← these ideologies are intersecting as a conflict fo women who cannot adhere to one or both like lower and working class women like lisa – not only is she childless that puts her at odds with the madate but she is unale to attain to the physical, emotional, and financial demand of intensive mothering ← intensive mothering is based on white, middle clas , heterosexual standards to which “other” mothers are compared to ← women who are self sacrificing child centred are good mothers and those who cannot come to this ideology are marginalized and systematically devalued – this is the process of normalization – where proper mother hood is produced and variations exp is diminished ← women of low ses are bad mothers since they do not have the resources of middle class women yet they are to achieve the standards of motherhood – thus not only are they under pressure for the demands placed on fitting the narrative of motherhood but they are also set up for failures according to the social expectatios of “good mothering” 691 ← those that adhre to the social norms are fit and deserving mothers and empowered to reproduce while those not fitting the dominant model re discouraged from having children – this bnary is encouraged from eugenics followed by sterilization abuse 1960s-70s and fed funded family planning programs – attempts to redue repro and herability of the unfit , margenakized and abnormal grouos such as poor women and women of colour ← oct 23 2013 week 7 lecture : reproductive labour II 23/10/2013 18:58:00 ← - Reproductive labour : Glenn : activities such as elder care and cleaning. Two tear hierarchy of women where u have one middle class and white middle class are free from home and women of colour dissolve their dilemma of reproductive ideology and participate outside the home front ← - what will this look like if we expand this into the global scale? what are the consequences of paid domestic work on the families ? ← - Racheal Parreas – global scale of reproductive work ← - she integrates the literature of reproductive labour with glenn on women and migration – one the literature describes on the increase of developing women ← - saskia- there are two process that create this penhamonana – 1) decelarization of production – advanced countries cannot go with the developing countries so there is a serious action going on here ← - the effects of this is that the movement of this factory creates decrease in production and affects developing women so without this increase of increase of developing production women are doing more domestic labour so it creates a demand for even a lower wage labour ← 2) the second process is the development of the global cities- Nike and coca cola – the development of the cities require low labor are considered and attracts women from developing countries to fuel those condition ← - global cities : NYC, Toronto, LA, and ROME – ← - poor countries- is phillapenes, Indonesia in the map it is the phillapenes and it is in south east Asia and women in Philippines have migrated to US to work ← - Roseau- its based on glens study as it is integrative – what will happen if expand reproductive labour to the global stage- so instead of a two tear hierarchy we should look at it the international transfer caretaking in a 3 theme- higher domestic workers also hire women to poor to migrate and do domestic work for them ← - the concept of caretaking is hierarchical and relationship among women and in this hierarchy women are differentiated by class in first nations and persistent gender inequality – women are differentiated by class in two ways – industrialized and transitional countries creating hierarchy for developing women and they are differentiated by class that creates other hierarchies of domestic workers of those that come and take care of their children ← - what is the consequence of being stuck in the middle of the hierarchy? domestic workers class mobility – their occupational status is lower even if they can migrate into another country and a lot of them have educational degrees and after migrated they are nothing but a maid – so it is a class mobility that they are earning more income but also download mobility in terms of downward occupational status and also the pain of separation and cannot bring their children because of the cost of living thus they give their care to other employers so a form of displaced mothering ← reading 2:LAN’s reading – she asks what is the difference between unpaid and paid domestic labour domestic work? ← - structural continuity – the relationship is a continuity that both paid and unpaid are domestic work and women move from different positions to perform paid and unpaid domestic labour ← - she gives 4 ways domestic workers do paid and unpaid work ← the first two- when migrate workers go to twine from phillapenes they are doing domestic work they did at home now for other families – some posses wife qualities to become the wife of the person being employed and so not only did they have to do domestic labour for work they also had to do it for home ← 3 and 4 – care for children as well as domestic labour as well ← The Nanny Business movie :44 min ← describe their concerns/personal troubles ← - how do their social positions intersect to shape their lived experiences? how do their lives connect to other lives in the film? what are the larger socio context in their problems? ← - Pearson International airport the film starts ← - imagine coming to a foreign country dependent on a foreign employment u have never met helping their home and children and you hope they treat you good ← - she takes the taxi to her agent – she goes to the door and the agent is another nanny working there, she comes to the apartment crowded with other woman and the next day she had to leave ← - the nanny trap- they look after out own children leaving their owns behind in the dream of getting citizenship and then bringing their children here by sponsoring ← - working from 6 to midnight and the threat if u do not do this you will be deported ← - this white woman interviewed looking for the perfect nanny – Susan mcgleid – the deal is they have to live in their employers home until they get Canadian citizenship – this is a federal program ← - stories like evalyn is a sad story where no one picked her up = she had a bm education and wanted to teach one day and borrowed money to come to Canada and then kicked out to streets so she susan called if they can find another place to stay ← - edylan was stuck 3 days in Vancouver – Vancouver they told her they would have less problems ← - edylan has a contract she signed – she starts to crying , it will be marked onto my life , leaving her kids , 3 years until to see her kids , she cires how she has to take care of other kids but cant do her own kids ← - susan- started to see with different eyes as the nanny business is a big business and she was the old mom picking her kids up – hear stories that they would work overtime ← - she saw this from one point of view and then hear stories from the white moms- oh she does not do work right – such a disconnect ← - it brought nannies on temporary visa and required to live with employees for 2 years and for evalyn the clock was ticking ← - Cecelia – they hire women from philapens ← - anne a woman calls agency for a nanny- are you wanting to sponsor from outside of Toronto or from Toronto , the agency said ← - edylan goes to other agencies looking for work – she needs 4,000 and then she can make a deal with this agency ← - edylan- we pay money and we think when we come to Canada we have a better situation but its worse becau
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