FEB 16 2012
SOCIOLOGY IN EVERYDAY LIFE
• Dramatic Realization
• Impression Management
• Project Definition of the situation
• Identity negotiation
• Interaction rituals
• Impression (given, given off)
• Division of labour is important for maintaining a smooth
• We also need to remember that whenever we are in a situation,
we have rights and obligations
o There are certain claims that are made in this situation and
they must be honoured.
o The fact that we tend to honour these roles, that avoids
o It’s when there is a breakdown of these roles, there are
• Because the situation is already defined, there is a script we
follow. We know them already and we follow them because we’ve
encountered those situations before
• There is a reproduction of established ideas. We reproduce ideas
that are already well-established in our community.
• We take these scripts for granted and it becomes very automatic
• People adjust to different people they talk to
o For example, people might dress differently when they are
going on a date, or going to an inteview
• What is it that we rely on, to say ‘we trust this person’?
o Goffman says we tend to look for impressions that people
give off, to contrast them to the impressions that people
o Basically, people can give off an impression that is very
different from what they give.
• We may feel an obligation to do a performance a lower position
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than what he or she would actually accept (eg. Sometimes people
don’t want to appear over-qualfied for jobs)
• When women played a role of traditional women – this is where
the notion of front stage and back stage comes up.
o Notion is that front stage is where people are performing
and backstage is where people can relax
o When we are in these face to face interactions, the other
notion is that there is always a negotiation – what goffman
calls an identity negotiation.
o We are always projecting an identity
o We are always responding to other people
o There is a negot