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Lecture 3

SOC395H1 Lecture 3: SOC395 - 3

3 pages38 viewsWinter 2017

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC395H1
Professor
Rachel La Touche
Lecture
3

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SOC395 LECT 3
EPISTIOMOLOGY - the study of knowledge
o How do we know what we know
o Why do we consider some things knowledge over others
o Validity and reliability
****Important for the journal prompt
Assumptions:
I. The stuff we know:
o Man is living
II. How we know it:
o Assumptions
o Authority/institutions responsible for telling us things
o Agreement reality/enough people believe it then we are more likely going to believe it
also
o Experience
o Tradition
o Sensory
o Physical and social science *Important in the western world
o Communication
o Faith/Religion
o Mass media
o Education
**We assume that we know things through observation but there are other things that we do
not know
- The aggregate does not negate the anecdotal
SOCIAL INEQUALITY
Socially defined differences among people that are consequential (meaningful in some way) for
people life trajectories (life path, where you begin and where you stop)/ (outside of
achievement)
- Rewards and opportunities
SOCIO-HISTORICAL ACCOUNT OF INEQAULITY
o TYPOLOGY
5 typologies:
1. Primitive/hunter gatherer
2. Slavery
3. Caste
4. Agrarian
5. Feudal/Estate
6. Class
7. Advanced industrial/post-industrial
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