W2 SOC 478H
What are the roles of public policy?
What is a good society?
What are the roles of inequality?
Is it a problem that gross income is unequal and it has been growing in Canada and
elsewhere? To be part of the OECD you have to high national incomes (organization
of economically advance countries). Every one of the OECD countries has since an
increase in income
The inequality in income is important for public policy: it has direct and
indirect impact on a social level in a county / inequality in terms of racism
that resulting in the under utilization of human capital (doctor driving a taxi)
a social inequality not necessarily caused by income inequality
Economically and Socially or spatial, inequality can cause less socially
cohesion, social tension and social conflict and some cases social embrace
Public policy makers should be concerned with inequality (in Paris and the
putting in the suburbs the poor black) since it has a direct or indirect impact
on the society.
Another reasons is it raise really important moral and ethical questions such
as social justice and fairness, fundamentally is it alright for a society to have
such level of inequality? And how high should it go? What is tolerable? The
answer to these question are difficult since no strong consensus exists
Think is a problem vs. it’s not a problem, (Inequality vs. poverty)
Income inequality a technical term that measure the fairness of the
income distribution, how unequally the income is distributed in a country.
Use the GINI coefficient to measure the levels of inequality in a country (close
to zero then no inequality and when close to close you have a high level of
inequality. In the world it’s around 0,2 and 0,8). In Canada the GINI index is
o GINI index most of the OECD counties have been increasing over the
last 10 years. Since the last economical crises, the GINI has really
increased (not necessarily because