smc 208 lec 11 oct 18

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St. Michael's College Courses

Smc 208 lec 11 oct 18  What we’ve been reading was a period of the undivided church “Patristic period” o Christian theology was based on grek speaking theology so was the early church o What we read was 3 greek speaking and 1 latin speaking  Augustine was the major author of the latin speaking period o All four of these were educated and their education came from the bible but at the same time they were part of their culture; the first three was more philosophy (plato, Aristotle etc) o Next 5 weeks we get into medieval period in the west and the western church o In 6 century east and west divided o Next two weeks=Thomas Aquinas  He is a major Christian theologian, greatest of the scholastic theologian  Influenced in the RC church; he formulated the sacraments and its importance of each; he spoke of eucharist and the presence of jesus during the eucharist  Luther said that there were only two sacraments; baptism and last supper whereas in the catholic church there were 7   He was a Dominican  Middle of 19 cent catholic church tried developing a side of modern society philosophy and what it was saying/doing o Neo scholasticismfinding a position against modern century philosophy  Summa theoloigae was used as a textbook in many schools in order to educate students in theology class  His way of doing theology is diff from Augustine although he was influenced by Augustine  In the first part of middle ages-mid 12 century the center of religion in the west was the monastery; they lived in rural society; as time went on they all tended to follow the rule of Benedict.  Life of community and the abbot; the abbot was the father of the community and the monastery was seen as the school of perfection and the monks were the students who were to worship and pray. They would sing the psalms and the bible was the heart of this lifestyle o The theology in this movement was related to the monks they lived; lived w.o possessions, no materialistic objects, life of prayer and meditation etc  Bemard of Clairvaux o Regarded as one spiritual master o He wrote in order to move people  Anselm of Canterbury o He was more rational in his theology o He wrote in order to make people think o He wrote a book called cur dues homo (why god became man)  He tried to develop a rational argument of why god became man  There was no way for us to make up our sins therefore we need god as man to come down and pay it off for us because we cannot do it ourselves alone  2 things happen that change the way theology is done in the west and it creates o Theology is primarily done in the monasteries before these two things happen o 1. Gradual development of university; in addition to monasteries there were cathedrals  University of paris is a major university; Thomas goes there to teach  University of bologna; great university of law both church and secular law  Shift in the forms of doing theology a shift away from the scholastic way of doing theology now it
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