Lecture 02 September 17, 2009.doc

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University of Toronto St. George
St. Michael's College Courses
Reid Locklin

SMC103Y1 September 17, 2009 Jesus identifies 12 apostles and Peter to continue the mission of the Jews. They experience the Pentecost in which the Holy Spirit approaches them and calls them to spread the word of the Lord. The number of 12 is symbolically important, as the other apostles debated between two delegates to fill in as a replacement for Judas Iscariot and ended up in a heads or tails flip, of which Matthias rose as the new disciple. There were other leaders, such as James, Brother of the Lord and Saul of Tarsus/Apostle Paul who was one of the earliest Christian writers, writing in the 50s-60s CE. Paul is very clear that he had never met the earthly Jesus, and emphasizes his conversion from persecuting the Jesus movement to becoming a member of it. He never saw himself as a Jew until the day he died, but more specifically a Jew with a mission as an Apostle to the Gentiles. Christianity is a movement within Judaism. There were multiple movements entailing how one should act as a Jew, and directly resulted in conflict which are sometimes violent. Jew, Judaism entails the observance of the Torah (“law” or “teaching”). It involved living to moral codes and reject idolatry. If you were a man, you were to be circumcised to create an identity that you are a special person of the Lord. Keeping food laws or cocher, and maintaining a day of rest or Sabbath. Jesus ministered himself only to Jews. However the teachings were directed towards not only the Jews but towards other people, especially the Gentiles or those who were not of Jewish tradition. The movement within Judaism gradually became a Gentile movement, and some of them were God fearing Gentiles, those who attended the synagogue before this movement began. Paul explains that this movement has been accepted more and more
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