Lecture 19 November 26, 2009.doc

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St. Michael's College Courses
Reid Locklin

SMC103Y1 November 26. 2009 Lumen Gentium 14-16 unambiguously suggests that no one is outside the Grace of God and therefore can be saved. It’s better to be fully incorporated than to be joined, better joined than remain in prominent ways. How do you relate this openness to the specificity of, for example, other religions? The perspective of instruction was of a critical insider. Sympathetic understanding is the accommodation of the opinions of all sides regardless of reaction. Because Chapter 3 of the council documents describes the Church as hierarchical, hierarchy means rule of priests literally, or “Sacred Order”. There are different ranks and different roles in that community. The title of Chapter 3 is The Church is Hierarchical. It does not suggest that the Church is hierarchy. Instead, the Church or the whole people of God have a hierarchy within the community. It is also not that the Church has hierarchy, but that they are intrinsic to what it is to have a Church. What does it mean to describe something as a college or collegium? It is a community within a community, with a special purpose. In numbers 18 and 19, Jesus called the Apostles not individually, but as a group as a shared identity. They had a shared mission of service to the broader community. #20 says that that community and that transmission of service was to a collegiums or the Episcopal collegiums of bishops in which the Pope has a special role in it. Episcopal collegiality defines as the kind of authority that a bishop has as a member of a community. Ratzinger states that bishops issue their Episcopal collegiality as part of two communities, one of presbyters and deacons around him in their individual diocese, and the collegiality to the bishops as a whole united by the bishop of Rome. Collegiality does not issue the bare fact that they have this authority to the community, but also how it is used. It is exercised in community, and proceeds through consultation. The relationship of bishops and deacons to the laity is that of obedience from the laity, and respect from the bishops. The relationship of service works from the inside and outwards, bishops in service of the Catholic Church, the Catholic Church in service to Christians, and all Christians in service to all mankind. One of the reasons why bishops have authority is because they have their special concern, that although the Ch
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