Lecture 20 December 1, 2009.doc

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St. Michael's College Courses
Reid Locklin

SMC103Y1 December 1, 2009 Cardinal Suenens stated that Vatican II marked the end of three eras; Christendom, Counter-Reformation, and Vatican I. Two of these eras were marked by controversy about Scripture. In the era of the Reformation, we’ll recall that one of the controversies that emerged was between Luther’s Sola Scriptura against which was opposed the notion of Scripture and tradition, or the idea of the magisterium of the Church. In the era of Vatican I, we will recall there was a challenge opposed to new ways of thinking. In addition to this, there was also a development of historical-critical methods of biblical interpretation. There was a growth in knowledge in the historical background, and historians read this literature from which Christians emerged as if it were any other literature. In both Christian and Jewish tradition, the Pentateuch was most often seen as written by Moses. Most scholars assert that this is most unlikely to be the case. There was a hypothesis that this was written by four different authors. Those five books are a long period of redaction, and so similarly with the Gospel. There was an emerging consensus in the 1900s that the Gospels were compilations of works. They began reading the text differently. The rejection of modernism and affirmation of the truth of the Scriptures, whether they are modern ways of thinking about philosophy, politics, or the Bible, are viewed in being in contention with the Gospel. Under Pius IX, these different methods are rejected. Vatican II returns to these controversies, beyond the positions of the Reformation and Vatican I, but without taking anything away from what any of them had said. They did this by chang
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