Lecture 04 September 24, 2009.doc

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University of Toronto St. George
St. Michael's College Courses
Reid Locklin

SMC103Y1 September 24. 2009 Important Dates: Irenaeus of Lyons (d. 202) Edict of Milan (313 CE) Council of Nicaea (325 CE) The clarification and the establishment of the role of the Bishop was extremely important and central to Irenaeus’ idea of Apostolic Faith. One of the ways you know of the operations of the Apostles is through the inheritance of Apostolic succession passed down with trust to the succeeding bishop, and the knowledge of the Canon/Scriptures. The Rule of Faith is used to interpret the Canon and leads to Catholic recognition as a major role. The Christian community in Rome was held in the highest regard, described by Irenaeus as the “greatest and most ancient church”. Rome’s importance is because of the Capital of the Empire, although Constantinople does claim some of this importance later. It is one of the Apostolic churches that eventually becomes a Patriarchal church. All of the Apostolic churches in Antioch, Alexandria, Jerusalem and Constantinople resided in the East while Rome was the only Apostolic church that resided in the West. The tombs of Paul and Peter also resided in Rome, showing the importance and status of this church. Reputation of Charity and 1 Clement saw a responsibility in the church in Rome to create a community and care for the other churches’ needs. It is also a responsibility to also always be on the right side within controversy. The Bishop was the embodiment of his church and congregation, attached to any referral to the Church. The relationship described between the Church in Rome and the churches in the East was known as First among Equals. Pope Victor (d. 198) and the Quartodeciman Controversy had a difference of opinion on the date of the events of Easter, either always on a Sunday or on whichever day was the 14 of Nisan on the Jewish calendar. Victor decided to take action, and commanded the churches in Asia Minor to celebrate Easter on Sunday. When they refused, he excommunicated them. The other Apostolic churches though
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