Lecture 05 October 1, 2009.doc

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St. Michael's College Courses
Reid Locklin

SMC200Y1 October 1, 2009 325 CE Council of Nicaea Augustine of Hippo (354 – 430 CE) 451 CE Council of Chalcedon Augustine of Hippo can be referred to as the Edict of Milan (313 CE) the next generation. He has no living memory of when Christianity was illegal. By the time of his conversion, Christianity was not only legal but it was preferred and almost commonplace. He is one of the first ones to believe that it is allowed to use force to convert people, more specifically on his mind the North Africans and even more detailed the Donatists to the common Christianity. Augustine wrote in Latin while many of the writers of his time and doctrine wrote in Greek. He is in this sense distinctly Western, in writing language and western theology. He was regarded of the Doctrine of the Church and master of studies of the Catholic faith. To be a member of the Church is to be completely removed from the secular world, and baptism is the only link that makes a person remade into a new person of faith. This was a radical theology of Baptism was defined as a Rigourist or Purist view of Church. This makes sense because of the counter-cultural stance of the Church, suffering from such persecution as by the Romans. In Augustine’s view, the Church and the World are not the two most important ideas, but instead redirects us towards the idea of the Two Cities. The Two Cities as such are the City of God, Jerusalem and the Earthly City, Babylon. Those who meet ends for themselves and indulge in the world as they are destined for damnation belong to the city of Babylon, while those who seek the will of the Lord and seek Him as they are destined for heaven belong to the city of Jerusalem. The key separating factor from the idea of the Church and the World is that everyone belongs to the Earthly City in the beginning, which in a doctrinal term is referred to as original sin. He also states that it is impossible to distinguish who belongs to which city as the bases of residence is an in
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