SMC103Y1 October 13, 2009
Class ID: 2894659 Password: smc103
Pope Innocent III embodies the Papacy and the spiritual and political power.
Leo I, 440 – 461 CE, first theologian of the Papacy.
Anti-Pope may claim he is the rightful Pope when a new Pope is selected.
For the first three centuries, the Church is not an organized institutional
bureaucracy. It is just a loose church united by community. Peter is the one looked
at of prominence and authority among the Apostles. Peter and St. Paul were both
martyred in Rome. Rome is the only Apostolic church in the Western Empire.
It begins to exercise priority to central Italy, and then through the rest of the
Western Empire and spreads into the East. The person that makes all of these
claims is Pope Leo I or Leo the Great (440 – 461 CE). He is able to speak in
consistency for Roman primacy and his holiness adds legitimacy to his claims.
Council of Chalcedon (451 CE) articulated who Jesus was, and Pope Leo I issues his
Tome which was read at the council to help rectify the dispute. He is the first to
exercise his primacy among all the Church, and claims the Latin term “principatus”
to speak of his own legal authority. He makes the ideas of Peter stick to the rest of
Only two Popes were given the title of the Great, Pope Leo the Great and Pope
Gregory I or Gregory the Great (590 – 604 CE). Pope Gregory I was a Monastic
before he became the Pope. He was also a judge so he had political power, and
administered missionaries to northern Europe, carrying with them a sense of
Christianity in the form of Monasticism. Alexandria gives Gregory I the title of
Ecumenical Patriarch, but h