Lecture 09 October 15, 2009.doc

2 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
St. Michael's College Courses
Reid Locklin

SMC103Y1 October 15, 2009 The Papal Monarchy The Papacy begins to reach its pinnacle and becomes involved with political affairs. The debate between Latin-speaking Christians of Western Europe accepting the trend of the Papacy movement and the resistance of the Greek-speaking Christians of Eastern Europe has lasted until current times. Pope Gregory VII (1077 – 1085), Gregorian Reforms occurred before and after him. Gregory VII was part of Monasticism, of the Benedictine tradition. The Gregorian Reforms are based off of the Monastic vows of poverty (issue of Simony  buying and selling of Church offices), chastity (issue of clerical morality = clerical marriage and concubinage) and obedience (issue of Lay Investiture or a specific way of how bishops are appointed = spiritual authority of the pope is superior to the temporal authority of the king). Lay Investiture shows the authority the bishop has is given from the Lay of the temporal authority. The king would give the bishop his crosier and silver ring to symbolize his position, which raises an issue of who is in religious power. Dictatus Papae (1075) is a series of 27 proposals that Gregory VII claims against the rights for authorities to anoint and appoint bishops, and that the Pope is supposed to retain this authority. Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV (1056 – 1105) appoints the bishop of Milan, directly contradicts Gregory VII’s Dictatus Papae and warns the Emperor that what he is doing is wrong. Henry IV gathers all German bishops in a council to declare Gregory VII not the Pope but a false monk. Gregory VII then deposes Henry IV as the Holy Emperor, entering public territory of this dispute. The bishops of Rome try to convince Henry IV to settle this dispute and make peace with Gregory VII. Henry IV wears sacked clothes and begs for forgiveness in front of Gregory VII’s castle for three days. Gregory forgives Henry IV, and recognizes this as a signal that the Pope is in power. Henry IV sees it as a shrewd appeal and appoints a new Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf. Henry IV re-establishes his borders and wins the civil war, then Gregory VII flees, but gains alliances from southern Italy. Those alliances believed they could take anything f
More Less

Related notes for SMC103Y1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.