Lecture 12 October 29, 2009.doc

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University of Toronto St. George
St. Michael's College Courses
Reid Locklin

SMC103Y1 October 29, 2009 For the paper, explain why observing current mass and ancient church order is important. Council of Trent (1545 – 1563) Martin Luther was a very publicly accepted, and readily made available through printing press and current technology for the time. His appeal to the politics also makes them want to support his ideas in order to consolidate power. Civil War breaks out between the Protestants of the North and the Catholics of the South until the Peace of Augsburg (1555) which sets religion as a local area decision basis. There are multiple Reformers branching out, but more importantly not all Reformers agree on the same issues. During the 30 years, reformers have spread, and a council is not called immediately due to a fear of conciliarism, an idea where the Council has control over the Pope. Due to their desire of Papal Monarchy, they fear raising a Council and risk compromising their authority. The debate between the Papal states and the Holy Roman Empire as locations for the Council to be held leads to the city of Trent. The council tries to revive a Christian identity from the past. The Pope of the era was Paul III (1534 – 1549), who causes the council of Trent. The Council takes place for no more than 3 year periods at a time each; 1545 – 1547, 1551 – 1552, 1562 – 1563. Julius holds the council for 1551 – 1552. Then Paul IV has a great fear of conciliarism, and so when Pius IV takes over he holds the council for 1562 – 1563 with over 200 bishops from the original council of only 24. As Luther had a small and big Catechism, the Church also issued their Roman Catechism. The Roman Missile details how to celebrate mass on a Sunday. The mass established in 1570 lasted for 400 years until the Vatican Council II. Invitat
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