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Lecture 1

SMC103Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Fourth Council Of The Lateran, First Council Of The Lateran, Pope Leo Iii


Department
St. Michael's College Courses
Course Code
SMC103Y1
Professor
Reid Locklin
Lecture
1

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Dr. Reid B. Locklin
UNIT ONE: HISTORY AND TRADITION
Week 1 (8 September)
Sympathetic familiarity: see the viewpoint of the writer
Week 2 (10 September)
The Memory of Jesus
The Four Gospels
reflection of the life of Jesus
70 years after the death of Jesus
Matt,mark Luke John
not the only gospel ie. gospel of thomas the apostle, gospel of Judas
not all recognized as authoritative
few ref from other sources (bias?) roman historioans etc. negative view of early
christians
other christian and little other sources
Luke
"I haven't seen all events" admits that info was second source
"I collected stories and put in chronological order"
"so you might know the truth"
gives info about self
useful: tells us two stories
this is known that it is same author b/c he uses a prolouge
book is called "Luke-Acts" 1. Jesus 2. Apostles
most consistant: Luke 22, Jesus' crucifixtion
Historians are sure there was a jesus and he was crucified
the inscription above the cross changes in each gospel
JESUS OF NAZARETH KINF OF THE JEWS
of Nazareth
the rules of Galilee was Herod Antipas (client-king native to region, works with romans)
Judea ruled by Pontius Pilate (roman governor) affter problems with herod's sons
ACTS CH 10: charegnamtic formula. short and easy to memorize. Jesus was doing
good and healing all
miracle workers were not uncommon, not unnique, many jewish healers
he had a "message" he talks about love and pacfisim, a coming reign of God, the
opressed would go free, the powerful will fall "The Love Command. Kingdom of God"
distinctive but not unique
"he was crucified by pontius pilate" why was jesus killed?
Of the Jews
he taught from torah
worship in synagus and arugued with other jews ie. healing on the sabbath (is this him
distinguishing himself from the Jews?)
no uncommon to argue agaisnt jewish rule and still be jewish. very common (essenes,
saducees, pharsees. all argued about jewish law)

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so aguing would not have been cause for crucifixtion
crucifixtion was a roman punishment that was reserved for revolutionaries, a threat to
roman rule
"theives" beside jesus could mean to take up arms for personal gain, stealing on the
road
King
they had said jesus was the messiah
peter is reported to call him messiah but asks him to keep quiet about it
messiah "to annoint, break glass of jar oil on head"
annointed one is ref to King
seems messhiah means an anointed god, such as david, that would free jews from
opression
jesus talks aboutt being annointed, what rulership is he ref to?
the language of messiah is inturpreted to be authoritative and a royal claim
this was threat to roman rule, cause for crucifixtion
many jews were crucified
claim of virgin birth was also not unique
what made jesus unique?
what happened after his death: resurection
not in a healing way but the first person to be resurected that would be raised in the end
of the world (book of Daniel: Michael will raise the dead. b/c jesus was raised it is
guranteed to happen to all. a contract that the raising has begun and would happen)
he had powers in this new life
this set him apart from other movements, reasons why it spread so quickly
Did jesus found the Catholic Church?
catholic answer: yes
Secular answer: no, his mission is to Israel and to jews
critical insider: no and yes: jesus did not found it as an international church
he appointed leaders (apostles)
only after death did the apostles see the movment as something not just for israel but for
the world
New Disciples
James of jerusalem "the brother of The Lord"
Saul of Tarsus, called Paul "The Apostle to the gentiles"
-christy was a movment in the jewish religion
-Saul was a Jew as well
-gentile is a non jew
-how did this jewish movment become a primarily a gentile movment?
What distinguish a jew
1) studied the torah: Moral codes, rejection of Idolatry
2) Circumcision
3) Kosher die and sabbath
what terms were the gentiles had to become chirsty?
James said they had to become jews to become christy

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Saul said only faith and baptism was required. jews can be christy and gentiles can be
christy, different
Confilct with Saul and James and Peter in the middle
The Council of Jerusakem
the reseult of deleberation, they don't agree with Saul
Agree to: 1) moral codes 2) no circumcison 3) some food laws, no sacrificing meat and a
kind of sabbath
don't have to be jews but has to be LIKE jews
Week Two (15 September)
Giving Shape to Catholic Identity and Life
Destruction of Second Temple (70CE)
Stewart 330 timeline
rebellion against roman authrities from jerusalem, romans killed, decided that the
rebellion would continue if they had temple = destroy it
even when most christians were gentiles, it is still at core a jewish movement
after 70 is when we start to see christy as seprate from judaism
all messianic jews are killed, no leadership in jerusalim, center of rlg moves to gentile
cities ie anticoch
Ignatious says evil to go tto synagouge
Several concequences
-christians become illigal
romans, when conquer, allow tradtions to stay inact, they respected ancient texts. in
torah it prohibits worship of leader, they repect it
when christianity seperates from judaism they are no longer granted the same rights
-worship,Eurchaist
before not central, becomes sole reason
-leadership
if temple does not exist, who is our leader?
Shifts in Leadership: From Charisma to Institution
diff ways of convieving authority
bono has leadership b/c who he is
harper has leadership b/c he was elected
Charisma - Apostle Paul (mid-50s)
talks emotionally
people are chosen by the spirit
Late NT
● presbyter-bishops
an organiztaion beings to mold
Transition - Didache (c. 100 CE)
the prophets can say what they want
transition to charismatic to institutnal
IGNATIUS stick with your bishop, "monarchical episcopate
talks of a single bishop surrrounder by lower levels of church
"possesed by spirit" still charismatic
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