nov 14 SMC 103 lec 15.docx

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St. Michael's College Courses
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SMC 103 lec 14  Enculturation; one example of the both/and thinking in 16 and 17 cent  18-19 cent challenges of enlightenment its a period of intellectual thoughts response to enlightenment from the church is rejection of enlightenment the both/and theory changes into the either/or thinking u either accept enlightenment or u don’t and instead u accept the church  2 assumptions most ppl we’ve talked about would agree on; 1. acceptance of divine authority protestant and catholic differed on how one knew what divine authority was trying to tell people; is it found in scriptures? Traditions? etc but all accepted that reason had to be noticed by the revelation of the divinity of God; his divine authority 2.ideal of Christendom; they agreed on this. That all should live according to Christian beliefs; point was to have a Christian society; this was the goal  Critical rationalism and Personal autonomy; Descartes offered a new of doing philo ”the way to do philo is we take everything we think we know and we subject it to radical doubt”-decarte  Religious tolerance and secularism; Kant plural identities; looked at the state as a separate place of religious belief; ppl were tired of fighting over religion toleration was closely connected to autonomy; they had the autonomy(choice) to choose on their religion they had freedom  Political revo associated with enlightenment American revo in 1776-1789 no majority issues, the state is not established in any religion but majority is protestant in france u have emergence of democratic republics  French revo (1789-1815) took what the American revos had and brought it to Canada france was one catholic reliable place had more catholic ppl  With the French republic a secular government was established  the church undergoed an internal split  Civil constitution on clergy(1790) an oath was to be taken and this caused a split between those who would take the oath and those who wudnt this was also known as peign of terror(1793-94) during this period made systematic effort to dechristianize French society and establish secular religion;
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