SMC 175 L09.25 - Christianitas

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Published on 2 Oct 2012
School
UTSG
Department
St. Michael's College Courses
Course
SMC103Y1
SMC 175 Medieval Civilization J. Harris 09/25/12
Christianitas: Heretics and Saints
- Philosophy not a subject of study back then but a way of life
o Something that shaped worldview of a person
- Religion in essence, an element of citizenship
o Part of your duty as a citizen
o No one didn’t practice something
o Acts, rituals, events, festivals key elements of the religions of Roman
Empire
- Christianity was very popular, spread like wildfire in the empire
o But many are doing so in basis of practice
Just going through the motions
- Rise of asceticism - saw Christians around them just doing what they have been
told regardless of belief, thus they decided to live as they think Christians should
live
o Took it seriously
- Judaism one of the legal religions of the empire
o Jesus lived in the context of being allowed to practice
o But when people started following Jesus = novelty
Recognized as illicit
- Christianity born when they wer ejoined by the Gentiles
- From 12 to 1 million followers growth of Christian population
- Many ways in which people practice Christian tradition (all these options are
viable ones)
o Jewish Christians: very first one; from Judaea; formed distinct identity
overwhelmed by non-Jewish Christians afterwards (deeply rooted in
Jewish tradition)
o Marcionites: followed Marcion, who’s anti-Jewish; should expunge all ties
with Jewish God
Begun with Jesus, no reference to Jews
Believed in God of the New testament , not the Hebrew God of the
Old testament
Marcion rejected most of the New testament
Prompted the Christian leaders to define what the bible
should contain
o Gnosticism: precedes Christianity, refers to hidden / secret knowledge
from a world known only to the members of the Gnostic faith (elite group)
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Document Summary

Philosophy not a subject of study back then but a way of life: something that shaped worldview of a person. Religion in essence, an element of citizenship: part of your duty as a citizen, no one didn"t practice something, acts, rituals, events, festivals key elements of the religions of roman. Christianity was very popular, spread like wildfire in the empire: but many are doing so in basis of practice. Rise of asceticism - saw christians around them just doing what they have been told regardless of belief, thus they decided to live as they think christians should live: took it seriously. Judaism one of the legal religions of the empire: jesus lived in the context of being allowed to practice, but when people started following jesus = novelty. Christianity born when they wer ejoined by the gentiles. From 12 to 1 million followers growth of christian population.

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