Lecture 4

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St. Michael's College Courses
Jessy Pagliaroli

SMC 203 Lecture 4 Divisions: Hellenistic vs. Observant—Hellenistic more open to Rome’s influence/observant Jews more concerned with maintaining purity Roman vs. Conquered—The Sadducees don’t like the Romans b/c they enjoy their power and positions. Urban vs. Rural Tenant vs. land Owner Sadducees—high priests/aristocratic class--open to Hellenistic culture—in Jesus’ time, they control the temple and had a high place in Jewish courts. Temple cult was fundamental to survival of jewish faith. They saw themselves as having the most important role. They’re closely allied with the conquerors. Do not accept th special traditions of the Pharisees and don’t believe in life after death. Not very popular among wider populace. Pharisees—developed many non-biblical traditions on how to observe the law….beleived in life after death. Suspicious of Hellenistic tendencies. Essenes / Dead Sea Sectarians? – disappeared 64-67 adleft with the Pharisees—basis for modern Rabbinic Judaism—Did not worship @ the temple. Group of both priests and lay people. Sectarian group that fled to the dessert to follow Judaism as they believed it should be followed. Continued to hope for the eventual removal of the Sadducees. Zealots Ebionites Pharisees try to create a Judaism for a conquered people. Despite the divisions, Jews share common beliefs: They’re monotheists Eschatological hope—hope/belief in a Messiah—that an anointed one will be sent by God to intervene and bring order and restoration to his chosen people Rituals: worshiping and serving God done through rituals and ethical living, circumcision, avoiding certain foods, purification (especially before entering the temple) Torah--Pentateuch Dead Sea Sectarians also had their own scrolls Herod’s death in 4 CEhis kingdom is divided and ran by his children Messiah means anointed-In Greek = Christos Initially, this could refer to any prophet The figure of the Messiah becomes increasingly important for the Jewish people Initially, the Messiah is understood from coming from the line of David Jesus’ followers will come to view him as their messiah We also see evidence of the Messiah in Isaiah—suffering servant, one that comes to serve rather than be served. Jesus: The first to deny the existence of Jesus were communist profs. **tom harper & the pagan Christ This theory like other people’s theo
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