Development of Christian Churches and Beliefs:
• Becoming a Christianthere’s emphasis on morality & also upholding certain
doctrinal beliefs and understandings.
• Main Rituals Baptism & Eucharist and later, penance.
• Early Chrstian church is an oral movement & these early apostles are creating
Christian communities in different areas and are the heads of these areas.
• Moral & DoctrinalEthics really mattered to the early Christians. How you
lived your life was of outmost importance.
• Before u became a Christian, you had to learn about the faith—could take from 2-
• People interested in the church were admitted into assemblies but on;y when they
had reached a certain level of knowledge could they be baptized and only the baptized
could partake in the eucharist.
o 1 century
o 2 ways= way of life and way of death
o way of life- love god & your neighbour
o way of death- evil robberies, adulteries…
o If you can shoulder the lord’s yoke then you’ll be perfect—if that’s too
much, do as much as u can—try to be perfect like Jesus: “following the
• “imitato cristi” –imitate Christ
• Christians had morals that differed from Roman society.
• Abortion, infanticide, divorce, adultery, idolatry practiced by Romans but not
• Idolatrycaused them to be shunned
• Lots of emphasis on preparing for the next world—second coming
• What did the early Christians believe:
o One God.
o Were often called atheists for denying Roman gods.
o Acknowledged J.C. as divine.
o Idea of Trinity is not formally formulated but it’s present
o They were part of a new covenant.
o Emphasis on life after death
o Importance of Baptism
o Baptism = initiation & purification ritual
o Baptism usually happened during the time of Easter
o Oil-renounce satan-break with previous life
o 3 dunks in water
o with each submersion you’d be asked a question o you’d be anointed in the name of Jesus & usually put on new clothes and
be able to participate in the Eucharist.
o Eucharist celebrated on Sunday.
Involve scripture readings, singing of psalms, homilies, prayers in
the name of Jesus & collection.
o People would bring produce as offering but by the 4 century the central
focus is bread and wine—imitation of last supper—3 steps: blessing,
breaking and distribution of the bread.
• How was this bread viewed:
o Ignatius—calls it the real presense
o Other writers call the eucharist the medicine of immortality
o Real sense of communion between god & believer through eating this
• Importance of alms giving—collection
• Looked out for vulnerable in the community
• Chrstianity = a concrete lifestyle
• Where are these gatherings happening:
o Originally informal—in people’s homes