MDSA01 Ch 7 Psychoanalytic Analysis.docx

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St. Michael's College Courses
Michael Petit

Chapter 7 – Psychoanalytic Analysis  Romantic films such as Cameron Crowe’s Jerry Maguire and smash singles like Savage Garden’s “I Knew I Loved You” both reflect the basic human desire for emotional wholeness  For Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), notions of individual subjectivity, identity and consciousness are born out of an essential opposition between the pleasure principle and the reality principle  The pleasure principle is the uncontrollable human drive to satisfy desire or something that promises enjoyment, satisfaction, and pleasure in its attainment o Libido – ones sex drive o The Id - “the one and only urge of these instincts is toward satisfaction” o Not only sexual: breaking laws, putting yourself in life-threatening situations, etc.  The reality principle represents the constant restriction of desire according to possibility, law and social convention  Repression, proposed by Freud, is the process of mentally containing our desires below conscious recognition or expression. The fact that the reality principle forbids certain desires and pleasures does not purge them from our minds, so individuals repress those desires into the unconscious in order to manage the tension between these principles  The unconscious for Freud is the part of the mind that acts as a reservoir for desire, and it always attempts to make repressed desires felt again by interjecting tem into conscious life o When people describe misspeaking as a “Freudian slip,” they are recognizing a moment where their repressed desires broke through their conscious ones  The oral stage: contact between the baby’s mouth and mothers breast  The Oedipus complex (named for the mythic Greek king who unknowingly killed his father and married his mother) is when the child undergoes a mental structuring that takes the raw libidinal materials of oral, anal and phallic (genitals) stages and splits them into conscious and unconscious desires  Jacques Lacan (1901-1981) was a French psychoanalyst, in his perspective there is not so much a struggle between pleasure and reality and there is a gap that separates them o We experience a feeling of lack because we are consciously divided from the pleasures that cannot be captures or expressed in the symbol systems of our everyday reality o The realm of the Imaginary is similar to the Freudian pre-Oedipal, pleasurable stage where the infant feels whole and connected to everything via the bond to the mother. Pre-linguistic; perceived connection to everything o The “mirror stage” – a child catches its reflection and misrecognizes itself as an autonomous and total whole. By identifying with the reflected image, the child begins to conceive of its own distinctness and a complete identity and takes the first steps toward ego formation. Chapter 7 – Psychoanalytic Analysis o Ego/consciousness construction is complete when the subject acquires the use of language and enters the Symbolic realm, or the cultural plane of social meaning and relationships  Lack (manque) - we a
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