SMC330 Lecture 14.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
St. Michael's College Courses
Reid Locklin

Thomas Aquinas  Raising questions of Chalcedon, reasoning abstract ideas in abstract way  Controversies worked out to work  One person with two natures -> logical point in order to not confuse and change either natures…  nature -> essence of a thing… humans essentially different from God  possible in person -> individual that can combine… human nature shared vs individual features in person that aren’t simply functions of nature (i.e. gender, height…)  Thomas – the differences in person are “accidents”  Person have range that nature doesn’t  Language of Chalcedon works because defines terms clearly… nature and person  No incarnation in nature, only work in person, so have to talk in way Chalcedon talks  Possibilities opened up from persons not being the same  Human knowledge o Beatific knowledge – knowledge of God and God’s essence… God includes all things, so know all things by knowing him…. Seeing things in extraordinary way (postmortem state) o Infused knowledge – imprinted on soul, kind of knowledge angels have… angels know because directly infused knowledge… o Acquired knowledge - knowledge as normally mean it… phantasm  Divine knowledge o Beatific knowledge  Does Christ have human knowledge (+ divine) – yes o Divine knowledge is divine nature, human knowledge needed for human knowledge… if he was human nature and had no human knowledge, doesn’t make sense… he needs to be perfect and use everything he has  Did Christ have beatific knowledge – yes o Because he can, he must… obj - if you are God, do you really need to see essence of God…? -> God united to Christ in person, needs beatific vision because he has human nature  Did he have infused knowledge – yes o Soul of Christ infused with knowledge and word of God in his soul… human soul imprintable, so imprinted o Objection – why do you need imprinting knowledge when have beatific knowledge -> not in opposition or contradiction…  Did Christ have acquired knowledge – yes o Full human nature o Phantasm – replicating ideas to make sense… without it, have equipment you’re not using so not perfect -> but Jesus is perfect so must have used all his faculties to learn  Christ can have whatever human being can have, except for sin  Apollinaris and Arius – Jesus word of God born of virgin  Human vs divine essence different, what’s happening in each are different  Schleiermacher against Chalcedon  Terms don’t apply to God at all so can’t talk about two natures as comprehendible because they’re not..  One person can’t have two natures; either one gives away to another or end up with mixture… not possible to conceptualize two natures, one will win or practically mix  Nicea – ousia vs Chalcedon – physis  Unc
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