The end of roman britain, the old north, and the birth of wales. Caesar invades with roman forces in 64 and 64bc. Emperor claudius lead invasion 43ad and britannia is founded. Germanic migrations into britain, and irish into the north est scotland, to wales somewhat; I. 15: anglo-saxons invited by vortigern, granted settlement in the east to fight off the picts and the scots as a mercenary force, but in fact are there to conquer it all. The saxons, the angles, and the jutes germanic tribes. East saxons = essex, west saxons = wessex, south saxons = sussex king, isle of wight and parts of wessex are the jutes; east-angles, middle angles, mercians, and. First leaders: hengist and horsa [descended from woden recorded but not believed by bede who was a monk] Bede is objective, and attempts to be as impartial as possible. Primary source for bede; not impartial at all.