TBB199.MAR20 2012.SP.doc

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University of Toronto St. George
Thought, Belief and Behaviour
Holly Wardlow

PAGE 1 TBB199 PROF. WARDLOW MAR 20 2012 • The article was difficult – probably the most dense article we read so far • Before we get to the articles, we’ll talk about sexual identity (eg. Sexuality, sexual orientation) o Categories in North America  Gay, lesbian, bisexual, straight  Asexual definition: No desire for sex  Bisexual definition: Interested in both female, male o People in drag communities have their own labels – instead of using ‘homosexual’ etc but uses different categories to undermine existing categories and create new ones etc • It’s important to realize that our constructions and our understandings intersect with our understandings about gender. o It’s often difficult to disentangle these things as we think about them together o We are told that people who are born with female genitalia are female and vice versa. o Sometimes there are people who are born with ambiguous genitalia  Often doctors decided to choose one for them – and thought they were doing the right thing  All of these are changing. At least in North America – it is left up to the parents usually.  There are advocacy organizations that help people with “ambiguous” genitalia  Also things are changing to some extent, we tend to live in a very dichotomous world in terms of gender.  There are a lot of political advocacy but, nevertheless, most people think of gender as a very binary model – “heteronormative” • Non-heterosexual love stories aren’t shown very often in mainstream media • Movies often reply on stereotypical representations • There still are shows that deliberately cultivate a social convention in a positive way Ritual homosexuality in Papua New Guinea • Most famous one is Sombea tribe (sp) (probably a pseudonym) • Studied by Gilbert Herdt, who is an anthropologist who studied many sexuality studies • Started a study about a tribe that was often in warfare • The warriors needed to know how to fight o Young boys didn’t automatically turn into men o There will be a few rituals in order for the boys to become men PAGE 2  Not friendly rituals  Removing maternal influence  To make him less female and more male  With the idea of toughening the boys up  Part of it was to have boys fellate men • Idea was deliberate subordination by the boys • This ritual fell away – factors of missionaries, and less war In many countries, in Latin and South America, there is a category that would be translated to ‘gay’ men. But if the guy penetrates another guy, that person who penetrates does not equal to being gay • As he’s the masculine, dominant, penetrating partner, he s
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