Lecture 9- March 11.doc

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Barakat- Haddad

Lecture 9- HLTC02- March 11, 2013 Why did the government get interested in providing healthcare services for the indigenous community?  bringing them into the fold of western scientific medicine  Assimilation and modernization: first nations, natives to modern Canadian health system  Getting access to resources -> forests, lakes (water), land for industrial development  Colonization: control  Paternalistic attitude:  Indian health services thought of themselves as a long standing benevolence; Canadian state as being seen as generous; infantilizing of the indigenous people  Legitimating the continued dominance  Government sees it as charity  Other motivations: Indigenous people being demonstrated as reservoirs for infectious diseases  Demonstration of benevolence  Sovereignty in the Arctic in context of Cold War  Huge majority of the indian work force are nurses, but they are not Aboriginal nurses; almost entirely white nurses  very few racial immigrant nurses The Indian Act, Status and Enfranchisement • Indian Act 1869 and successive amendments central legislation governing indigenous-state relations in Canada • Deeply controversial!! • Indian status: confers entitlement to live on collectively owned reserve land and access indigenious and treaty rights including health and educational benefits • Enfranchisement: involuntary or voluntary loss of status and gaining Canadian citizen  No citizenship entitlement until 1960 • 1869 Indian Act: woman who marries non-status person loses her status • 18774 status can only be passed through men • 1876-1985: 25,000 people lose Indian status- mostly women and their children • 1982 ‘Bill C-31” aimed to remove gender discrimination but nd retained ‘2 generation cut-off’ for women; it didn’t go far enough-> although women could regain their status, they couldn’t pass it onto their grandchildren...only to their children • 1960’s community health program: labour plan , post-war for inuit communities • Modernization of poor rural communities Labour History of Community Health Representatives (CHRs) 1. Why does McCallum describe the CHRs’ work as hybrid - Canadian nurses and Inuit women - Grassroots level: cultural ambassadors, authentic, traidtional native people, trained by federal people, repor
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