Lecture 5: Cognitive Functioning
Memory (recall of information after learning has taken place)
There is no single “memory center” of the brain
thoughts, feelings, awareness, emotions, memory all involve many parts of the brain
Memory declines with age? (stereotype)
The more info, life experiences etc the more (you have a foundation) you can build on that info
More nodes develop
Short term memory:
Will quickly disappear forever unless we make a conscious effort to retain it
Necessary step towards long term memory
About 7 items that we can keep
Long term memory:
lets us retain the meanings of words and the physical skills that we have learned
Declarative long term:
memory of things that you are aware of remembering and that you could describe in words
ex. Your first day of school
Non Declarative long term:
Implicit or motor memory
Expressed by means, rather than words.
Ex. driving a car, riding a bike (can go years without doing this, but you’d still have the ability to do it later.
3234 is the peak of intelligence
Standardized tests (if you answer it right, you will do well on the test doesn’t mean that you’re smart or
Fluid: think logically, to perform and figure out how to use something independent of acquired knowledge
Crystallized: using skills from long term memory – from lifetime experiences.
5 criteria according to Baltes: (in the article for the week)
Rich factual knowledge
Rich procedural knowledge (like problem solving – relationship issues, jobs etc)
Life span of contextualization (as time passes things get better)
Relativism (comparing you to others)
Sleep and Dreams:
We spend at least 1/3 of our lives sleepings
Reduced sensory and motor state.
*refer to lectu