Lecture 3 notes.docx

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University College Courses
Scott Rayter

- Reverse discourse/counter discourse = people reclaiming terminology to speak on their own behalf (ex. dyke) - Foucault says there is always oppressive power, but there is always resistance to that power - For Freud, power represses sexuality by introducing shame - For Foucault, power operates to produce those types of sexualities - Foucault says sexuality isn’t a drive but a construct that allows power to operate so perversion isn’t something that’s repressed; it’s produced as a category - Foucault says erotic art is about what’s pleasurable, but the science of sexuality is about what’s permissible - Foucault wants to know what knowledge is being produced by institutions and how sex gets put into discourse - Talking about sex doesn’t challenge power so much as it allows power to operate in different ways - The ascent of medical authority came about during the enlightenment when there was growing trust in medicine and that its practitioners were rational, truthful, and objective - Germ theory: disease isn’t spontaneous and isn’t happening because you’re a bad person, god hates you, etc. but is caused by a pathogen - Suddenly doctors have authority and are able to actually help people, so there is a greater trust in doctors - Psychiatrists were trying to find biological reasons for why people went insane and their role in the court system was to judge who was sane and who wasn’t - One of the reasons people was going insane was syphilis, which created the connection between insanity and sexuality - For a long time it was believed that if you were mentally ill, it might be inborn, or it might just be something you or your family did wrong, and too bad, just lock you up and throw away the key, but the new idea was that these people could be helped - Freud challenged the first premise because he realized people could be made insane by situations, ex. PTSD - Power was being created and generated through the discourse of doctors explaining who was insane and who wasn’t – psychiatrists established their own authority through this power - Rapists were never considered sexual psychopaths because they were seen as committing an assault instead of manifesting mental illness - There are three different theories of homosexuality: naturalism, degeneration, and psychogenesis/psychoanalysis - Naturalism: homosexuality is inborn, but benign, sexual inversion - Degeneration: homosexuality is an evolutionary decline that is either regressive (moving down the evolutionary ladder where homosexuals are arrested at a more primitive stage of evolutionary development) or over-civilized (a by-product of modern urban life, “soft”) - Psychogenesis/psychoanalysis: not about biology; homosexuality is a perversion of the sex drive away from the normal object of de
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