Teachers step into the classroom with beliefs about how children learn and develop: idetify and be aware of your beliefs, think about how your beliefs might impact your classroom and students. Who is at the center" of the class: where is the teacher"s desk, from where does the teacher teach", how are the students" desks arranged. What does it mean to educate the whole child : looking at where the child is developing artistically, in literacy, are they peacemakers/ troublemakers, not just help them grow academically. Social skills and social problems through discussions in social studies. Development- changes in the child that occur over time; changes follow a logical pattern that moves towards greater complexity and enhances survival. Environment provides the setting and context for development but does not their development it happens to contribute in a significant way them. Used to explain physical growth/changes, mental abilities, motor skills.