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Lecture 4

VIC101H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Solarisation, Surrealism, Totalitarianism

Victoria College Courses
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Lisa Steele

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JAV 120 Visual Concepts: Lecture 4
What is Dada?
Artistic and literacy movement started in 1916
in Zurich Switzerland (rose everywhere in
Europe at the same place as WWI came to a
After WWI, German lost the war and
was penniless. In addition, the rise of
Hitler’s Nazi Party
Influenced by previous art movements (Cubism,
Futurism, Constructivism, Expressionism)
Variety of mediums, from performance art to
fine art
Marked by its mockery of materialism and
nationalism, rejecting standard art thought
anti-art cultural works
Main goal was to provoke audiences, believed
that traditional art had grown old and stale
Reflect Life and chance, something you
shouldn’t have control over
Rapid interested change: Dada was focused on
non-sensual and randomness
Dadaist believed that anyone can produce art,
not need for burst of emotion to create art, no
fundamental different between manmade
objects and machine-made objects and no
sacred connection between artist and pieces
Artistic skills not necessary, different techniques
were introduced (readymade, chance,
How did Dada started?
Zurich Dada: started at the Cabaret Voltaire
A meeting place for Dada artists to
gather to discuss and showcase their
works, started by Hugo Ball
Important Artists (Immigrants in
Zurich): Hugo Ball, Emmy Hennings
(German), Tristian Tzara + Marcel Leonko
(Romania), Richard Hosenback (Berlin), and
Hans Arp (French German)
Met artists at a bar to share
their works
Pieces dominated by machinery
Hugo Ball: Karawane, 1916
Major contribution to the Dada movement
Believed that poetry should follow the root as
visual art where the human figure has
disappeared and abstract has taken place
New kind of poetry: made nonsensical words,
disregarded language
Made with different fonts
Tristan Tzara (1896-1963)
An Romanian born French essayist and poet
Influential before Hugo Ball, Known for seeking
to destroy language
Wrote shocking works regarding the violence of
the world (WWI)
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