Lecture #2.doc

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Victoria College Courses
Lisa Steele

Modernism - What makes an image shocking 09.17.2012 - Challenge us intellectually - Not used to seeing - Breaking conventions of the actual technique of painting from his era Le Dejeuner sur l’herbe + Olympia – Edward Manet - In your face –> naked woman in public park – painter really pushing disturbing content - Confrontational, subject is looking out directly out of painting - Paint applied in an urgently - roughly - Intention to shock/upset/change viewers point of view -Controversy often surrounds modern contemporary art -Amythological nude character is acceptable to be painted (Venus andAdonis) Avant garde: open pathways through new cultural or political terrain for society to follow – promotion of radical social reforms– manifestation of modernism – associated with movements “art for art’s sake” Les demoiselles d’Avignon – Pablo Picasso - Wilder and more improvisational - Expressionist, emotive - Flattens figures onto 2D form, without using shading, opening it up - Using the techniques of what people were trained not to do at the time - Confronted by threatening gaze of subjects - Influences fromAfrica masks **exorcism – ridding yourself of an evil spirit/person/place - Rejects perspective Manet and Picasso responding to new push social by woman to enter as equals into society Three main artists of Cubism (1) Picasso (2) Juan Gris (3) Braque Analytic Cubism 1907-12 - Intellectual revolt, rejects traditional art forms: emotional charge, movement, atmosphere, etc. - Appeals to the intellect, focuses on space and rejection of perspective - Uses simultaneous vision, combines views from multiple angles - Trying to solve a problem, that the artists see as a problem Synthetic Cubism 1912-14 - More decorative, easier to interpret, first collage - Used fragments of newspapers – that had meaning – political clippings “the battle has begun” - Went to films everyday – work reflects the projector and way films were produced - Use of collage – papier collé – rope, non art forms used - Use of typography – stenciled lettering Georges Braque: - Invented papier collé, in practice referred to collage Juan Gris - Third major contributor to cubism Marcel Duchamp – nude descending staircase no.2 - Human movement – pictures of time - Act of walking, created uproar – most important figures in 20 century art - Ability to synthesize concepts – camera and movement - Pushing Cubism, the expression of movement - Photography pushes contemporary art into - Direct influence imagery on produced Guaranty Building – Louis Sullivan - Took advantage of available vertical space and grew up- inventor of the skyscraper - Terra cotta is fired clay, steel structure so walls are not weight bearing - Tall buildings are made possible because of interior steel skeleton - Designs encompassed spirit of the time and needs of the people, “form follows function” ***architects follow axioms, arts follow manifestos*** Robie House, Frank Lloyd Wright - Horizontality, horizontal planes are primary to his design - Lots of open horizontal spaces, emphasizes horizontal plane (prairie style) – used longer bricks - Influence on the French artist Piet Mondrian Fallingwater - Built into the landscape, organic architecture – harmonized with natural surroundings, inside and outside are integrated - “F
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