Lecture #7.doc

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Victoria College Courses
Lisa Steele

October 29, 2012 Reviews: - Don’t use “genius”, “beautiful”, “great”, “good” - Can say “in my opinion the artist uses paint beautifully because he layers colour over…” - Description is important, factual info, going beyond text in gallery - Analysis - “handles paint” & discuss how he layers paint over others; Evan Penny - technical aspect, using hyperrealism & define; if you say “it had a surreal feeling” explain how (surreal feeling, creating a sense that I was surrounded by real people); & link it back - Question use of adjectives - Factual information: what it looks like, size & scope of it, define it (is it a photograph; Evan Penny - it’s not just sculpture, it’s photos too) - Not for someone who’s seen it - Hone in to a couple pieces - Installation as a medium for art - e.g. Film playing at the same time - Installation of how the exhibit was set up - if significant (deliberately set up in a certain way - or badly set up) VIS120 Final Exam Date: Wed Dec. 10, 2012 Time: 2:00- 4:00 Location: SS2117 Minimalism - Kasimir Malevich - called first Minimalist (even though he was 40 years ahead; Suprematist) - 1913 - Suprematism - wholly manmade, not found in nature - 1960s - Minimalism; reaction toAbstract Expressionism - Minimalists were influenced by composers John Cage; composer sat down at the piano for 4:33 and did nothing => performance is not about music but about listening - Audience = listening to acoustics of room itself - Artist, like musician, wanted audience to complete work - 1959 - Yayoi Kusama - not Minimalist but similar style: she covered the canvas with black paint and then layered lightly on top nd - “Is originality in art necessary in the future? Not necessarily” - 2 wave ofAbstract Expressionists wanted to be original and new - Kusama distanced herself from newness, originality - Tailored canvases to size of gallery walls where they’d be exhibited - Dot works - exploration of obsessive tendency - repeating actions over and over nearly infinitely - Made up to 100 watercolors a day - Obsession in art = generational (those who grew up during traumatized childhood in WWII) - Freud: trauma in childhood leads to OCD in later life - Kusama was 12 when Japan bombed Pearl Harbour; 15 when US dropped atom bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki - Kusama - not Minimalist but related to and inspired Minimalist artists - Most Minimalists started as painter - Frank Stella - only one remained known as a painter in Minimalist style - Born in 1936 in Massachusetts - Art recognized for innovations - Made it as an artist at age 25 (most artists we’ve looked at until now didn’t gain recognition until 40s) - Cast aside illusionistic space for reality - Die Fahne Hoch = same proportions as Nazis’banners - Black paintings = 1958-1960; 24 paintings - Shaped canvas - white spaces aren’t the canvas - Wanted to replace subjective, symbolic, surrealist nature ofAbstract Expressionism with logic - Painting about painting - referencing themselves across the surface - Six Mile Bottom - commercial paints, house painting brush - “Only what can be seen there is there… you can see the whole idea without any confusion”; no reference (AE had references - e.g. Motherwell to Spanish Civil War; De Kooning to female figure) - Six Mile Bottom = first shaped canvas - Reaction to action of Abstract Expressionism - Frank Stella: - Started with big, expansive gesture => compromised at the end - Flatness = necessity for modern art at the time - Flatness and depth = hard to penetrate; keeping the viewer from “reading” the painting - First thing you do is see the painting, not how it’s done - Making it hard for critics to write about => simple, doesn’t “do much”, can’t explain how one part relates to another - Reaction that art was an illusion => Minimalists wanted art to be stripped down to materials so you can see what it really is, not a sculpture/painting of something - Agnes Martin - she considered herself Abstract Expressionist, but she’s more Minimalist - Discovered the grid in 1960 = emblem of Modernism, thought it represented innocence - Symmetry, indeterminate colours, repetition of small units, perfection of nature - Experience - represented in art = wordless and silent - Different approach than Stella but same look - Night Sea = impression of quilted surface; flattened geometric space, getting rid of “the real” - People think it’s landscape => her work consists of straight lines; beauty and freedom you experience in landscape - Minimalists wanted truth in materials - Closer you get to contemporary times, more fluid artists’work is stylistically to surrounding movements - Sol LeWitt = worked in MOMAbookstore; found Tatlin and Muybridge’s art - Returned to basics: square and cube but not interested in industrial objects - Muybridge & Russian Constructivism = inspirations; made objects that he called “structures” rather than sculpture - Artists become picky with language - subtly nuanced vocabulary (picture vs. painting; structure vs. sculpture - Aim of artist = give viewer information, not instruct; avoid subjectivity - Serial artist doesn’t try to make beautiful
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