Lecture #9.doc

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Victoria College Courses
Lisa Steele

November 19, 2012 - Exam: SS2117 The Pictures Generation - 1977 - “pictures” show => called the Pictures Generation - Particular style and content - Alot of artists used photography as artworks, parts of artworks - Pop art - rose out of WWII; rose in late 50s and into the 60s; celebrating pop culture as well as ambivalence - Richard Hamilton: “things were just were” - Kienholz - not celebratory; social criticism - Minimalism - too much pop in pop art, too fun and not serious; late 60s; more cerebral approach; industrial - Vietnam war was going on at that time as well as protests; age 18-25 rebelling in public ways - kidnap, murder, ripping up streets - Affected art at that time - Minimalists in relation to context - saw their works as being revolutionary; producing art from humble materials, and sometimes did nothing to it but rearrange it; sought to overturn art world at the time - Conceptual and Performance art rose out of Minimalism => direct political comment and action; race riots, war protests;America hadn’t seen such protests/violence since civil war - Changes in definition of family and gender roles (2 wave feminism) - Pictures generation: - 1970 - floppy disk invented - 1971 - microprocessor invented by Intel “computer on a chip” - 1971 - email, laser printer, first e-book - 1972 - Atari introduced first video games (integrated circuit TV-based games) - 1975 - VCR changed home entertainment forever when Sony introduced the Betamax recorder - 1976 - JVC followed with VHS - 1981 - MTV langunced - 1982 - internet launched - 1983 - “Thriller” was released; influential music video of all time - Picture generation came into being in 70s; post-war consumer culture - New world of communications was born - Society/economy based on need transformed into one of desire - Rise of PR firms - Conceptual art, earth art - movies, popular music wasn’t addressed by them - French structuralists and poststructuralist theorists inspired young people => these were addressed in art schools - Structuralism: Mode of reasoning; elements of human culture related to an overlying structure; modeled on language - it’s central to the world we live in - Semiotics - study of signs - arose from this - Many of French poststructuralists were translated at this time - Poststructuralism: Identity is not organic and innate but manufactured and learned through gender, sexuality, race, citizenship - Embedded in society’s institutions; embedded in media - Originality and authenticity - Death of theAuthor - rather than lending itself to fixed meaning with single voice, texts are a collection of quotes from others - Birth of reader => from death of author - Author/artist = replaced by viewer as producer of meaning; de-centering of author; reader assembles his/her story - Simpsons’guest appearances of famous people => quintessentially postmodern because we have to fill in the gaps of the background of the people - Pictures era: mid-1970s and mid-1980s in US and Canada; before super-sizing of international art fairs; not worth a lot => more freedom to experiment - Dara Birnbaum - TV and self; presented TV stills, game shows and dramas to show conventional families and relationships - Set up TVs, played videos on the screen and that was her exhibition - Artists recorded off of TV and edited => reappropriation - Birnbaum = feminist - Disco version of Wonder Woman lyrics at the end of her work; “get us out from under, Wonder Woman” = system that creates her as powerful woman, superhero; disco version of the song says back down - “get us out from under Wonder Woman” = term wonder woman has 2 meanings; TV had no intention of giving power to Wonder Woman - Barbara Bloom - Money from Disney went into art school - new ideas in art; avant garde artists taught there; photoconceptualist Baldisari taught there = exploration of what “art” is in art, where is art - “Post-studio art” - photography, video in art => reproductions - Death of artist - Baldisari encouraged students to use art in non-aesthetic way - Well-circulated images were currency at the time; so ubiquitous that it could be overlooked - Barbara Bloom - Student of Baldisari - Critall Metal Windows - ordinary visual source material, but houses are architectural works by architects from 20s and 30s like Gropius - Wanted design things so well it “disappears”; makes an impression in our brains but we don’t really see it (like advertising) - Wanted her work to be uninteresting, something that wouldn’t grab your attention or make any impression - Typography = just state enough authority in font; constructed as if ads in magazine - Political power of aesthetics, environment for skepticism in propaganda and adverting - Trailer for non-existent movie, etc - as if in console in foreign country => destabilizes ability to read poster - juxtaposition between text and images - Introduction of places e.g. beach and what is forbidden there - 80s - long strain of airplane hijackings in Europe, and hijackers flew frequently to Middle East/North Africa => beach = fun thing but underneath, through use of text she destabilizes that - Homage to Jean Seberg - as if someone were to photograph someone who was going to sit in the chair - Jean Seberg - harassment with the FBI for being suspected in Black Panthers - Iconic shirt she wore in film “Breathless”, newspaper from film - Memorial piece for actress//doctored newspaper; obituary put on front page, suggests 19 year decline & her suicide - Absence of meaning itself - The Diamond Lane - trailer, movie poster for film that’s not a film; very postmodern - Movie poster - what does it refer to if there’s no movie? - Sarah Charlesworth th - Women in larger numbers than early 20 century - Ideological points of view in texts and images in everyday life - street signs, ads, TV, internet, logos - Structures in narratives - going into these texts and images to determine what they’re saying => critique of representation (often women artists) - Charlesworth - student of Kosuth, conceptualist artist - April 21, 1978 - photography to show how images shape our perception of the world by cutting out front pages of newspapers - Removes everything from newpapers except mastheads (e.g. Toronto Star) and photographs => visual patterns are confusing until you put together the whole story - History happening in real time - Images grouped together = similar images in series to create meaning - Jack Goldstein - Studied with Baldisari at Calarts - Produced art in variety of media - Film - meant to play in art gallery - MGM - ars gratia artis = art for art’s sake - Roar - 2 roar fades out in actual movie - Goldstein - the 2 roar doesn’t fade out; 3 roar but it hiccups as it moves backward - Lion trapped in perpetual repetition - parody of Hollywood churning out same movies etc.; lion trapped in mechanical reproduction - Semiotically - called a sign => points to power, Hollywood, collusion between Hollywood studios and audiences - Appropriated logo - marked ownership of film to follow - Even the lion carries with a specific meaning => has come to represent the movies - Bringing movies into art galleries => unmasks Hollywood studio - Shane - hired Hollywood German Shepherd and filmed him barking on command => played in a loop in a gallery - Nine 7 inch records - colored disks - meant to be played on turntable (original exhibit - disks inside white sleeves) - Barbara Kruger - Trained in Parsons School of Design, worked as graphic designer (like Lissitzky), designed book covers - Untitled (your gaze…) - black and white generic photos tak
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