Vic163 Notes - November 15 2012.pdf

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University of Toronto St. George
Victoria College Courses
Anne Urbancic

VIC163 Notes November 15, 2012 The Space of Education - flipped classroom: go home and listen to lecture online, and come into class to discuss - coaching - school is something that we love to hate --> it becomes a tax drain - common complaints of older generations: can't read or write, short attention spans, always texting, don't have measure of where you are, bad handwriting, no knowledge of history - same complaints have been going on for decades - always a desire to criticize the space of school --> it was always better when they taught the "basics" - what are the "basics"? Reading, writing, penmanship?, arithmetic - what are the basics today? - we need to change but want to keep things the way that they were in the past - school system in Ontario is known as "the house that Ryerson built" - common school act of 1841 brought in compulsory property taxes to pay for education --> problem is that these people paying for it are often not involved in education at all - originally were Christian but non-denominational (except for Catholic schools, 1863, Scott Act) - at first attendance was not mandatory, and anyone who had completed school was able to teach --> no formation for teachers - 1891 = compulsory attendance - only until age 14 - by 1919 it was raised to 19 - everyone used to have the same curriculum so that supervisors knew exactly where everyone was in terms of their education - different learning styles were not accounted for - by the 1950s teacher education was formalized, however a degree was still not required - in the 60s --> Hall Dennis report --> students have to have more say in their education - the system had to change because it was expanding --> old system was no longer going to work --> the classroom had to change - instead of looking at teacher getting students through, the idea was that students get through with the help of the teacher - student had to be seen in a more individual way - "critical pedagogy" --> students would be empowered by social identities that affirmed their race, class, and gender positions, and provided the basis for moral liberation and social action - P. Freire - Jim Cummins - Freire talks about realizing that students must recognize their connections to the problems and experiences and social context in which they live - in the 60s we began to think of education as liberating - this meant new classrooms --> open classrooms - this led to noise and mayhem, and teachers were not prepared - new kinds of studies came i
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