An event in which a person or group of people present a work of art to an audience. Since the early 80s there has been a turn on the focus on culture, and viewing culture as a changeable, active process. Culture is also a performance and used to describe culture and society as it is something that is unfolding. We can thank post structuralists for viewing culture as something that changes and moves. The three p"s: process, practice and performance: performance can transform persons, transform objects, transform spaces. Performance can entail all three things, festa is an example. The child becomes part of the community of christians and has a blank slate for itself. Van gennep emphasises the sociological significance of initiation, for example going from being secular to sacred. Sometimes a dangerous state: rites of incorporation: initial is taken back to everyday life through rituals.