Vic 240 - The Republic of Florence

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Victoria College Courses
Kenneth Bartlett

Florence - the powerful families that existed within the countryside they moved into the cities and connected with the few families that existed in the cities - lacked a long tradition of ancient lineage however - in a river valley and didn't have the advantages of sienna which was a travel road - they produced fabulous wool and the arneau could produce power through - they also finished and died the cloth - these clothes became desirable for the wealthy and subsequently Florence grew and accumulated wealth - Ghibelline were old money and Guelfs were new money - Guelfs were big in Florence and they eventually won out 1267, stripped Ghibelline of land and exiled them - question of how to transport these vast amounts of money to Rome - Sienna became the stop off road for pilgrims and merchants because of the Francisena - the sienna were Ghibelline however - the most fundamental enemy controlled the source of the Pope's money (looked for alternative) - subsequently transferred funds to Florence - Florence exploded in success and wealth because of this - the new mercantile families were the ones who took over these banking families - a tension developed in the Guelfs between the feudal aristocrats and the new bankers - this led to street fighting and the ideological fighting because the nobles didn't need the same resources as the bankers - nobles began to build towers in order to gain control of the city and built tower societies - nobles enjoyed instability & bankers enjoyed stability - 1280 Pope sent nephew to stop the endangering of the Papal wealth in Florence - 1282 came up with compromise - Arti Maggiori - 7 cartels created to fix prices, set standards and share profits - Calimal (cloth), Lana (wool), Cambio (bankers), Speziali (spice merchants), Notaries/Judges, Fuiers, Por' San' Maria (silk merchants) - 1252, Florin created - fixed the problem of destabilized currencies - stable foundation of economy - this made Florence really rich because they controlled tax, percentages and etc. - Podesta was the foreigner who ran the army on a one year contract - if he fulfilled his obligation then he could hang his coat of arms in the Bargello - 7 greater guilds became the employer for the Podesta and subsequently gave them military force - 1283 was stage one of a bourgeois coup d'etat and called themselves Priors - city was growing immensely - peasants were not allowed to leave their land without consent of the nobles - 1289, Priors released all the peasants and flooded into the countryside - city expanded rapidly causing expansion of the wall, decrease in wages and increase in production - nobles had become weakened - subsequently they started to kill people and stir violence in the streets - 1293, Enactment of the Ordinances of Justice (bourgeois coup d'etat) - disenfranchised the nobles and identified 150 families as magnati noble families (rural) - 72 were labeled as Grandi who married into noble families (urban) - forced to pull down the towers and could not hold any public role in Florentine society - 14 Arti Minori - 7 Moggiori - In order to hold office you had to be part of a guild - added Gonfalonicro de na Ginsgi
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