•1) organizational changes-in Ontario and elsewhere, the traditional
police force was premised on a hierarchical and militaristic type of
structure with precise line of command and control—(in the past) –
going to change structure in very dramatic way. There has been a
flattening of the police organization in community policing. This is a
result of decentralization of power.
•Much more authority and autonomy is being allocated to front line
police officers. Professional model is picked up has TRADITIONAL
•2) Penetration of police organization by other outside agencies. More
interagency corporation is being promoted and encouraged—as a result
of this, we see a branching out to other service delivery providers.
What sorts of outside police agencies will have to force the
relationship? Social service agencies, mental health agencies, these
other service delivery agencies they are forming strategic partnership
with the police.
•Who is going to determine deployment? –when we talk about
community policing what we are really talking about is we’re making a
statement of who has the authority to authorize action. It comes down
the question to who has the authority to authorize action; should it be
citizens or should it be the police themselves?
•In the same way that reactive policing isn’t only past oriented or
backwards---proactive policing is not always preventative.
•It is still about law enforcement. Anytime something is about enforcing
is a law it is punitive. Punishment isn’t necessarily reactive; but it can
also be proactive. Punishment is always reactive; but also proactive—
because can prevent crime in the future (comes down to the notion of
•Community policing is like an analytical model.
•There is an assumption that proactive policing is preventative; but in
reality also just as reactive.
•We tend to think of the community in an unproblematic way. Flag our
attention that police organizations recruit by self appointed community
groups; going to work alongside police to enhance traditional policing
•The idea of full partnerships—between the community and the police—
this partnership is to identify and address local crime and disorder
•The notion that crime is a mutual concern.
•Crime: exclusive property to the policing in traditional reactive policing