Policing: Week Three
•History of Policing:
•Read article of John Hagan, and Ellen, and Michael Lynch article
•Look at European context, and look at UK represent in Canada
•Go back to pre-modern policing, understanding pre-modern policing is
going to be crucial to understand modern policing.
•Going to focus on the 19th century, this is a key time period, key time
period because it is an era of much larger developments that are
occurring in the sovereign state, a lot of dramatic developments are
taking place. It is the 19th century we have the emergence of the
•Turn to salary work, (waged workers), and the end of feudalism.
•The state is becoming modern, all these changes are going to change
the relationship between the state and the subject.
•When we move in the 19th century, the relationship is that the state is
going to be assuming much of the primary responsibility for the
welfare of its citizens.
•The state is understanding to provide a “standard of care” to the
•They have to guarantee things like protection and opportunity.
•The state becomes a key provider of services and goods that individuals
cannot get them for themselves.
•What kinds of things are we talking about here?
•Under feudalism, the feudal lord provided things. –but now
modernism, now the state is providing for them.
•Talking things like education, healthcare, law and order, court and
justice system, and their safety.
•In the United Kingdom, the beginning of the modern welfare state is
•The reason we can pinpoint 1911 as the beginning of modern welfare
state is when UK parliament everyone who works should pay national
unemployment—take money for wages that fund programs like
unemployment and healthcare.
•With the emergence of the welfare state more or less 1911, we see the
real emergence of the law as a key tool of exercise of government power.
•Power becomes more centralized, and legislation becomes the key form
of legitimizing power.
•The state is no longer going to beat you into compliance. It is going to
legislate against you. (the state)