•Who was the authority to make the rules—to pick up as rules of
policing, rules of governance? –who’s going to establish the norms of
policing: it is the state, it is understand as the responsibility of the
•State’s responsibility to ensure the protection, to mediate tension
emerging amongst individuals, it is the state’s rate all those things
that are going to be considered to be posing a threat to order.—going to
be particular ideas and beliefs, not just actions the state legistlates
again but talking about particular beliefs and so on.
•The police officer is:
•An officer of the court, accountable to the judiciary, a member of the
police force, sworn to prevent crime, an agent of the community.
•A police officer can be defined a police officer as an individual who
under supervision performs a wide range of duties involving the
protection of life and property, enforcement of laws, criminal
investigation, crime prevention, case preparation and testimony, and
the provision of assistance to the general public.
•Canada’s constitutional system is quite unique. Policing falls under 3
levels of government; shared responsibility, and all of these 3 have
developed quite independently of each other and also with differing
•Government agencies involved in policing: various federal governent
agencies appoint special constables and they have power to enforce
specific statues. (e.g. fishery and wildlife, etc)
•Provincial statues there exist a power of individuals to ensure special
constables (e.g. public officials, building codes, licensing (by law
•Aboriginal Policing Services: one of the most unique features of
policing in Canada.
The role of the media:
•Where you heard of crime: radio, newspaper, television-hear from
•Do you think the source of information impact the way you are
going to feel about the crime?
•Do you feel that certain sources are more credible than others? E.g. do
you think Peter (CBC) is more credible---do you think sally
(hairdresser) is more credible?
•In terms of some outlet, some media are controlled by vested
interested. (corporate interests)
•In terms of the substance of Sally, same information.